Valentine’s Day Lesson

Teacher: Ryan O’Sullivan 

Email: The TEFL Academy

Level of students: Grade school/ Elementary students

Language skill focus: Reading and comprehension

Topic: Learning Everything There Is To Know About Valentine’s Day

Time: 30 minutes

Objective: To learn about the history and origin of Valentine’s Day.
To teach students the most common words associated with Valentine’s Day

Source: ESOL Course

Valentine's Day

Valentine’s Day is a special occasion celebrated by millions all over the world. February 14 is the day the whole world celebrates Valentine’s Day.

There are many ways people from different countries observe this eventful day. But before we give you interesting Valentine’s Day facts, we give you a brief history of how Valentine’s Day started.

The “day of love” also known as Valentine’s Day is named after a Christian martyr named Valentine who performed secret weddings in Rome; a ceremony that was prohibited by the Roman Emperor Claudius II.

Valentine was executed as a result of his opposition to the marriage ban ordered by the emperor. Due to his heroic acts, Valentine was canonized as the patron saint of love.

It was in the 17th century that Valentine’s Day on February 14 started to become popular as the day of love.

Friends, family members, and loved ones then started the exchange of small tokens of affection such as flowers, poems, greeting cards, and chocolates among many others.

Today, millions of people send out ready-made Valentine’s cards and electronic greeting cards to loved ones.

It is believed that almost 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are being sent worldwide every year in during this special occasion.

Objects that are most commonly associated with Valentine’s Day are hearts, flowers, chocolates, candle-lit dinners, doves, and Cupid, the Roman god of love.

Other popular gift items given out during Valentine’s Day are teddy bears and cuddly stuffed toys.

Here is a list of words that are closely related to Valentine’s Day

  • Valentines- a greeting card that you send to a person you like or love.
  • (Example: A romantic text message or card that says. “Be my Valentine.” This is an invite that men use when they invite women out on a date for Valentine’s Day.

  • A Valentine (person)- A person you love or have a romantic relationship with.
  • Cupid- the ancient Roman god of love. Cupid is represented by a baby boy with wings. He also has an arrow that he uses for two people to make them start to love each other.
  • Arrow– an sharp object used by Cupid to make people attracted with one another.
  • Date- special activity for people who have romantic relationships with each other. Dates usually include eating a meal together or simply spending quality time in each other’s company.
  • Bouquet– a term used to describe a bundle or group of flowers beautifully arranged and given to women. Men give bouquets of flowers to women with whom they are in relationships with.

The Most Common American Traditions During Valentine’s Day

  • Americans send greeting cards to friends and family on Valentine’s Day.
  • On Valentine’s Day, couples usually go to dinner dates to celebrate the day of love.
  •  Children at school celebrate Valentine’s Day through arts and crafts. They create homemade gifts such as heart-shaped greeting cards, paper roses, and chocolates for their family members, friends, and teachers.
  •  A lot of Americans celebrate Valentine’s Day with other special occasions such as marriage proposals and weddings.
  •  Although widely celebrated in the United States, Valentine’s Day is not a public holiday.

 The most popular symbols of Valentine’s Day

red and pink hearts for decorations

  pictures and statues of Cupid

hugging and kissing couples


love letters and 
fine jewelry

Valentine’s Day Quiz
Directions: Choose the answer you think is correct for each question:

1. Saint Valentine’s is also known as?

a. The patron saint of flowers

b. The patron saint of gifts

c. The patron saint of weddings

d. The patron saint of love

2. What is the name of the Roman emperor who banned marriages in 270 AD?

a. Constantine

b. Claudius II

c. Julius Caesar

d. Tiberius

3. Who is the Roman God of love?

a. Mars

b. Pscyhe

c. Cupid

d. Narcissus

4. Valentine’s Day is a day that the whole world celebrates…

a. banned secret weddings

b. eating chocolates

c. love poems

d. love and romance

5. How many Valentine’s Day greeting cards are being sent out every year worldwide?

a. about 1 billion

b. about 500 million

c. about 10 million

d. none of the above

Test your Valentine’s Day Vocabulary

1. Valentine’s Day is ______________ on February 14th each year.

a. flowers

b. dates

c. celebrated

d. love

2. Valentine’s Day is a popular ____________ for marriage proposals and weddings.

a. date

b. day

c. occasion

d. festival

3. Flowers and ___________ are famous presents to give during Valentine’s Day.

a. arrows

b. roses

c. chocolates

d. dates

4. In the United States, it is a custom to send greeting cards called _________________.

a. flowers

b. arrows

c. Valentines

d. Be my Valentines

5. A popular symbol of Valentine’s Day is Cupid carrying a bow and an ____________.

a. roses

b. dates

c. arrow

d. stuffed toys

6. ____________ is a term describing a person you love.

a. Valentine

b. Cupid

c. St. Valentine

d. Flowers

7. Couples usually go out on ___________ on Valentine’s Day.

a. weddings

b. stuffed toy

c. marriage proposal

d. dates

8. When couples spend quality time together, they have a __________.

a. Valentine’s Day

b. Date

c. Wedding

d. Engagement

Easy Valentine’s Day Rhymes Quiz

Directions: Find the answers to these simple rhymes in the second column:

A Valentine’s Day COLOR that  that rhymes with, sink.

A popular Valentine’s Day COLOR rhymes with the word, bed.

The Roman God of Love that rhymes with stupid.

Things that you give on Valentine’s Day that rhymes with lift.

A written note you give that rhymes with yard.

What cupid carries that rhymes with go.

What activity couples do that rhymes with late.

A popular Valentine’s symbol that
rhymes with art.

What couples do that rhymes with

a. Gift b. Heart c. Cupid d. Love e. Pink f. Date g. Red h. Bow i. Card j. Kiss

Category: Guest Plan, Holidays