II. While Reading Activities
- milestone |ˈmīlˌstōn| noun-2 an action or event marking a significant change or stage in development: the speech is being hailed as a milestone in race relations.
- activist |ˈaktivəst| noun -a person who campaigns to bring about political or social change: police arrested three activists | a committed animal rights activist.
- rig verb (rigs, rigging, rigged) [with object]-manage or conduct (something) fraudulently so as to produce a result or situation that is advantageous to a particular person: the results of the elections had been rigged | [as noun, in combination] (-rigging) : charges of vote-rigging.
- surge |sərj| noun – a sudden large increase, typically a brief one that happens during an otherwise stable or quiescent period: the firm predicted a 20% surge in sales.
- strategy |ˈstradəjē|noun – (plural strategies) a plan of action or policy designed to achieve a major or overall aim: time to develop a coherent economic strategy | shifts in marketing strategy. strategizes |ˈstradəˌjīz| verb- devise a strategy or strategies.
- climate change noun-a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.
- drought |drout| noun-a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall; a shortage of water resulting from this.
- petition |pəˈtiSH(ə)n| noun -a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause: she was asked to sign a petition against plans to build on the local playing fields.
- patience |ˈpāSHəns| noun-1 the capacity to accept or tolerate delay, trouble, or suffering without getting angry or upset: you can find bargains if you have the patience to sift through the dross.
- immigrated |ˈiməˌɡrāt| verb–come to live permanently in a foreign country: the Mennonites immigrated to western Canada in the 1870s.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
“NextGen America strategizes with an array of groups in Pennsylvania, including local chapters of the Sunrise Movement, an activist association composed of young people concerned about the environment. In addition to campaigning to stop climate change and registering voters, the group said, Sunrise activists have convinced more than 800 political candidates nationwide to sign a pledge to reject funding from the fossil fuel industry.”
Grammar Focus: Word -Recognition
“Not all of the youthful energy is coming from the left. Eager to capitalize on conservatives’ support for Mr. Trump — the first Republican presidential candidate to win the state in nearly three decades — the 35 chapters of the Pennsylvania Young Republicans have reached about 250,000 voters this year through voter registration drives, knocking on doors and phone-banking, said Rick Loughery, the group’s chairman.”