II. While Reading Tasks
1…the clatter of plastic followed by the muffled impact of paws landing on linoleum —
noun |ˈimˌpakt|-the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another: there was the sound of a third impact.
2. meaning that the cat has once again tried to open the catnip container atop the fridge…
catnip |ˈkatˌnip|-noun-a plant of the mint family, with downy leaves, purple-spotted white flowers, and a pungent smell attractive to cats. Also called catmint.
3. Hearing is a vastly underrated sense.
underrate |ˌəndə(r)ˈrāt|-verb [ with obj. ] (often as adj. underrated)- underestimate the extent, value, or importance of (someone or something): a very underrated film.
4. Studies have shown that conscious thought takes place at about the same rate as visual recognition…
conscious |ˈkänCHəs|-adjective-aware of and responding to one’s surroundings; awake.
5. This is because hearing has evolved as our alarm system-
evolve |iˈvälv|-verb–develop gradually, esp. from a simple to a more complex form: [ no obj. ] : the company has evolved into a major chemical manufacturer
6. The sudden loud noise that makes you jump activates the simplest type: the startle.
activate |ˈaktəˌvāt|-verb [ with obj. ] make (something) active or operative: fumes from cooking are enough to activate the alarm.
7. A chain of five neurons from your ears to your spine takes that noise and converts it…
neuron |ˈn(y)o͝orän|(chiefly Brit. also neurone |-rōn|)-noun\-a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
8 elevating your heart rate, hunching your shoulders…
hunch |hənCH|-verb [ with obj. ]-raise (one’s shoulders) and bend the top of one’s body forward: he thrust his hands in his pockets, hunching his shoulders | [ no obj. ] : he hunched over his glass.
9. This simplest form of attention requires almost no brains at all and has been observed in every studied vertebrate.
vertebrate |ˈvərtəbrət, -ˌbrāt|-noun-an animal of a large group distinguished by the possession of a backbone or spinal column, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
10. “You never listen” is not just the complaint…it has also become an epidemic...
epidemic |ˌepiˈdemik|-noun• a sudden, widespread occurrence of a particular undesirable phenomenon: an epidemic of violent crime.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
The words in the order they appear in the sentences:
home, humming, printer, clatter, paws, cat, open, atop, knocking,
trick, prompted, brain, sensory, listen, hear, event, background,
perceived, auditory, hearing, listening.
IV. Listening Activity
While Listening Tasks
True /False statements
- F- Stephen Covey wrote the book The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People.
- T- The title of chapter 5 is : “Seek first to understand and then to be understood”.
- F- Covey gives 5 levels of listening in this chapter.
- F- The first level of listening is Ignoring Other People.
- T- Dr. Bill Lampton gave the following scenario to explain this level:
- T- You are at a social gathering when you are talking to someone who seems to be paying you attention because they were looking you in the eye.
- T-But what they are really doing is glancing over your shoulder looking for someone more interesting to talk to.
- F- The second Habit is Pretending.
- T- An example of this habit is we are giving eye contact and maybe our non-verbal signals say we are listening to the person, but we’re really not. In fact we’re thinking of something else like “Gee… was it bread or milk I was supposed to pick up on the way home from work?”
- T- Third level is Selective Listening
- F- In the Selective Listening level you pick out only what’s pleasant and what you agree with.
- F- An example of this level was your annual review where your boss looks at all your accomplishments then he tells you that there are some things that need improvement. This is where you “hear” only the good things and tune out the negative ones.
- T- The fourth level is Attentive Listening.
- T- In this case we are really giving the person our concentration, we are trying to catch what they say.
- F- According to Dr. Covey this is still not full listening.
- T- The fifth Level is Empathic Listening.
- T- This means that we go beyond the words that are spoken and we go beyond what we just hear audibly. We try to get the feelings.
- F- Real communication is when we learn to find the meaning between the words.
- F-Dr. Covey said the toughest habit for him to follow was number 5.