II. While Reading Activities
- trot |trät| verb (trots, trotting, trotted) (with reference to a horse or other quadruped) proceed or cause to proceed at a pace faster than a walk, lifting each diagonal pair of legs alternately: [no object] : the horses trotted slowly through the night | [with object] : he trotted his horse forward.• [no object] (of a person) run at a moderate pace, typically with short steps.
- hedge |hej| nouna fence or boundary formed by closely growing bushes or shrubs: she was standing barefoot in a corner of the lawn, trimming the hedge.
- mischievous |ˈmisCHivəs| adjective (of a person, animal, or their behavior) causing or showing a fondness for causing trouble in a playful way: two mischievous kittens had decorated the bed with shredded newspaper.
- guidance |ˈɡīdəns| noun 1 advice or information aimed at resolving a problem or difficulty, especially as given by someone in authority: he looked to his father for inspiration and guidance.
- glimpse |ɡlim(p)s| noun a momentary or partial view: she caught a glimpse of the ocean | a glimpse into the world of the wealthy.
- descendant |dəˈsendənt| noun a person, plant, or animal that is descended from a particular ancestor: Shakespeare’s last direct descendant.
- whiff |(h)wif| noun 1 a smell that is only smelled briefly or faintly: I caught a whiff of peachy perfume. • [in singular] an act of sniffing or inhaling, typically so as to determine or savor a scent: one whiff of clothing and Fido was off.
- essential |əˈsen(t)SHəl| adjective1 absolutely necessary; extremely important: [with infinitive] : it is essential to keep up-to-date records | fiber is an essential ingredient.
- venture |ˈven(t)SHər| verb [no object] dare to do something or go somewhere that may be dangerous or unpleasant: she ventured out into the blizzard.
- behavior |bəˈhāvyər| (British behaviour) noun the way in which one acts or conducts oneself, especially toward others: good behavior | his insulting behavior toward me.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Identifying Prepositions
Goats in Wales; coyotes in San Francisco… With much of the world staying home to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, animals have ventured out where normally the presence of people would keep them away.
Under the cover of night, in their feathered, silken, cream-colored coats, they trotted into Llandudno, a seaside town in Wales… The goats live in Great Orme Country Park, in Conwy, Wales. They were a gift from Queen Victoria.
Identify The Speakers
Andrew Stuart, a Llandudno resident who spotted the goats: “They seem a bit wary of humans, they wouldn’t go past me at one point and were very cautious.”
Deb Campbell, a spokeswoman for San Francisco Animal Care and Control: “The streets have been left to the coyotes, which seem to be venturing farther into the city because there are so few cars.”
Jim Fredericks, chief entomologist at the National Pest Management Association: “What we are also seeing is that they are looking for food in places they had not before.”
Claudia Riegel, executive director of the New Orleans Mosquito, Termite and Rodent Control Board: “Animals are opportunistic and feed off trash… The restaurants [were] producing a lot of trash, and right now, a lot of that is just gone.”