II. While Reading Activities
- outlier |ˈoutˌlīər| noun a person or thing differing from all other members of a particular group or set: an outlier in Faulkner’s body of work | then there are the corporate outliers, people who just don’t fit into the culture of the company.
- proficient |prəˈfiSHənt| adjective-competent or skilled in doing or using something: I was proficient at my job | she felt reasonably proficient in Italian.
- literacy|ˈlidərəsēˈlitrəsē| noun-the ability to read and write.
- theory |ˈTHirē|noun (plural theories) a supposition or a system of ideas intended to explain something, especially one based on general principles independent of the thing to be explained: Darwin’s theory of evolution.
- enshrine |inˈSHrīnenˈSHrīn| verb [with object] (usually be enshrined) • preserve (a right, tradition, or idea) in a form that ensures it will be protected and respected: the right of all workers to strike was enshrined in the new constitution.
- decode |dēˈkōd|verb [with object] • analyze and interpret (a verbal or nonverbal communication or image): a handbook to help parents decode street language.
- contextual |kənˈteksCHo͝oəl| adjective • depending on the preceding or following parts of a text to clarify meaning: they have limited practice in working out the meaning of unfamiliar material from contextual clues.
- prompted |präm(p)t| verb [with object] assist or encourage (a hesitating speaker) to say something: [with direct speech] : “And the picture?” he prompted.
- successful |səkˈsesfəl| adjective-accomplishing an aim or purpose: a successful attack on the town.
- goal |ɡōl| noun-the object of a person’s ambition or effort; an aim or desired result: going to law school has become the most important goal in his life.
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
Bethlehem is not an outlier.
Harper attended a professional-development day.
This was a class on the science of reading.
- F-Jack Silva is the chief academic officer for Bethlehem, Pa., public schools.
- T-Silva didn’t know anything about how children learn to read.
- F-One excuse that educators have long offered to explain poor reading performance is poverty.
- T-Kim Harper new the director of literacy for Bethlehem school.
- T-One theory assumes learning to read is a natural process.
- F-The primary task for a beginning reader is to crack the code.
- T-The contextual guessing approach is what a lot of teachers in Bethlehem had learned.
- F-When a child comes to a word she doesn’t know,There should be no guessing, no getting the gist of it.
- T-In the class, teachers spent a lot of time going over the sound structure of the English language.
- T-The starting point for reading is sound, and it’s critical for teachers to have a deep understanding of this.