II. While Reading Activities
- balk |bôk| verb [no object]1 hesitate or be unwilling to accept an idea or undertaking: any gardener will at first balk at enclosing the garden.
- dismiss |disˈmis| verb [with object] order or allow to leave; send away: she dismissed the taxi at the corner of the road.
- Cue |kyo͞o| noun- a hint or indication about how to behave in particular circumstances: my teacher joked about such attitudes and I followed her cue.
- gender |ˈjendər| noun-1 the state of being male or female (typically used with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones): traditional concepts of gender | [as modifier] : gender roles.
- complicated |ˈkämpləˌkādəd| adjective 1 consisting of many interconnecting parts or elements; intricate: a complicated stereo system.
- gender-neutral adjective – suitable for, applicable to, or common to both male and female genders: gender-neutral games and toys | the assessment criteria are gender-neutral.
- antipathy |anˈtēpəTHē| noun (plural antipathies)a deep-seated feeling of dislike; aversion: his fundamental antipathy to capitalism | a thinly disguised mutual antipathy.
- visceral |ˈvis(ə)rəl| adjective • relating to deep inward feelings rather than to the intellect: the voters’ visceral fear of change.
- ostracism |ˈästrəˌsizəm| noun 1 exclusion from a society or group: the family suffered social ostracism.
- transition |tranˈziSH(ə)ntranˈsiSH(ə)n| verb [no object] adopt permanently the outward or physical characteristics of the gender one identifies with, as opposed to those associated with one’s birth sex: once the decision was finally made to transition, she was overwhelmed with the support from her immediate family.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
Scholars say that nonbinary genders have existed across history and cultures.
Elected officials have listened to tutorials on gender identity.
Over a third of teens know someone who uses gender-neutral pronouns.
Reading Comprehension Fill-ins
A state agency in Hawaii that tracks the status of women took the opposite tack…The state does not have a legitimate interest in identifying residents based on their gender, the agency’s testimony asserted. That bill did not advance, said its sponsor, State Senator Karl Rhoads probably because federal law requires air travelers to carry identification that includes a gender marker, and in the island state, the only way to get anywhere is flying.