II. While Reading Activities
- theme park |ˈTHēm ˌpärk| noun an amusement park with a unifying setting or idea.
- dolphin |ˈdälfən| noun 1 a small gregarious toothed whale that typically has a beaklike snout and a curved fin on the back. Dolphins have become well known for their sociable nature and high intelligence.
- amusement |əˈmyo͞ozmənt| noun the state or experience of finding something funny: we looked with amusement at our horoscopes.
- frolicking |ˈfrälik| verb (frolics, frolicking, frolicked) [no object] (of an animal or person) play and move about cheerfully, excitedly, or energetically: Edward frolicked on the sand.
- fawn 1 |fôn| noun 1 a young deer in its first year.
- discern |dəˈsərn| verb [with object] perceive or recognize (something): I can discern no difference between the two policies | [with clause] : students quickly discern what is acceptable to the teacher.
- sophisticated |səˈfistəˌkādəd| adjective (of a person or their thoughts, reactions, and understanding) aware of and able to interpret complex issues; subtle: discussion and reflection are necessary for a sophisticated response to a text.
- malicious |məˈliSHəs| adjective – characterized by malice; intending or intended to do harm: malicious destruction of property | the transmission of malicious software such as computer viruses.
- juvenile |ˈjo͞ovəˌnīlˈjo͞ovənl| adjective -• relating to young birds or other animals.
- fundamental |ˌfəndəˈmen(t)əl| adjectiv- affecting or relating to the essential nature of something or the crucial point about an issue: the fundamental problem remains that of the housing shortage.
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
Human play develops predictably as we get older.
II – 1-Dolphins
Dolphins are not the only animals that like to play.
III – 1-decades
Marc Bekoff has spent decades watching juvenile coyotes.
F- The author first learned about dolphin behavior in college.
F- To the author, observing dolphins can be dull.
F- Language, consciousness, communication are easier to study if the animal thinks it’s playing a game.
T- You cannot force a dolphin to do anything.
T-The author co-wrote a paper about the odd bubble rings they [dolphins] blow and play with.
F- A kitten chases string so that one day it can chase a mouse.
F- New Zealand keas are large parrots.
T- Keas are native to the high mountains.
F- Keas are most dominant as juveniles.
T-Fairness and turn-taking are key to animal play.