II. While Reading Activities
- dour |do͝orˈdou(ə)r| adjective-relentlessly severe, stern, or gloomy in manner or appearance: a hard, dour, humorless fanatic.
- grandiose |ˈɡrandēˌōsˌɡrandēˈōs| adjective-impressive or magnificent in appearance or style, especially pretentiously so: the court’s grandiose facade.
- incompetent |inˈkämpədənt| adjective-not having or showing the necessary skills to do something successfully: a forgetful and utterly incompetent assistant.
- extravagance |ikˈstravəɡəns| noun-lack of restraint in spending money or use of resources: his reckless extravagance with other people’s money.
- luxurious |ˌləɡˈZHo͝orēəsˌləkˈSHo͝orēəs| adjective-extremely comfortable, elegant, or enjoyable, especially in a way that involves great expense: the bedrooms have luxurious marble bathrooms | many of the leadership led relatively luxurious lives.
- tyrannical |təˈranək(ə)l|adjective- exercising power in a cruel or arbitrary way his father was portrayed as tyrannical and unloving.
- narcissist |ˈnärsəsəst| noun-a person who has an excessive interest in or admiration of themselves: narcissists who think the world revolves around them | narcissists preening themselves in front of the mirror.
- unhinged |ˌənˈhinjd| adjective-mentally unbalanced; deranged: the violent acts of unhinged minds.
- sarcophagus |särˈkäfəɡəs| noun (pl. sarcophagi |-ˌjī| )a stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Rome.
- offended |əˈfendəd| adjective-resentful or annoyed, typically as a result of a perceived insult: she sounded slightly offended.
Edward Champlin, a historian of Rome at Princeton University, says that Caligula pursued “a love of pranks that a 4-year-old might disdain” and had a penchant for “blurting out whatever is on his mind.”
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
These rash statements rippled through Rome.
Caligula was a coward.
He supposedly rolled around on a huge pile of gold coins.