Answer key: The Value of Play

Lesson Plan: Why Play Is So  Important for Children During Social Distancing

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. play  |plā| verb 1 [no object] engage in activity for enjoyment and recreation rather than a serious or practical purpose: the children were playing outside | her friends were playing with their dolls.
  2. *at loose ends idiom not knowing what to do : not having anything in particular to do; With everyone on vacation she was at loose ends.
  3. chorus |ˈkôrəs|  noun (plural choruses)  a simultaneous utterance of something by many people: a growing chorus of complaint | “Good morning,” we replied in chorus.  3 a simultaneous utterance of something by many people: a growing chorus of complaint | “Good morning,” we replied in chorus.
  4. daunting |ˈdôn(t)iNGˈdän(t)iNG| adjective seeming difficult to deal with in anticipation; intimidating: a daunting task.
  5. opportunity  |ˌäpərˈt(y)o͞onədē| noun (plural opportunities) a set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something: we may see increased opportunities for export | the collection gives students the opportunity of reading works by well-known author
  6. volition |vōˈliSH(ə)n| noun  the faculty or power of using one’s will: without conscious volition she backed into her office.
  7. necessary  |ˈnesəˌserē| adjective 1 required to be done, achieved, or present; needed; essential: members are admitted only after they have gained the necessary experience | it’s not necessary for you to be here.
  8. essential |əˈsen(t)SHəl| adjective 1 absolutely necessary; extremely important: [with infinitive] : it is essential to keep up-to-date records | fiber is an essential ingredient.
  9. dwindle |ˈdwindl| verb [no object] diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength: traffic has dwindled to a trickle | (as adjective dwindling) : dwindling resources.
  10. abrupt |əˈbrəpt| adjective-1 sudden and unexpected: I was surprised by the abrupt change of subject | our round of golf came to an abrupt end on the 13th hole.


New Oxford American Dictionary

*Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Grammar Focus: Identifying Prepositions

In the early part of the 2000s, governmental policies prioritized literacy and numeracy skills over less easily tested skills, such as social-emotional ability, despite warnings from early childhood education experts and bodies such as the American Academy of Pediatrics. Average recess time in America — unstructured time for children to engage in the kind of play they want — has shrunk to just 25 minutes, far less than most other countries in the world.

Reading Comprehension

Identify The  Speakers

  1. Laura Huerta Migus, director of the Association of Children’s Museums: “Play, she says, is a necessary component of building social bonds, first with parents and caregivers and then with other adults and peers.”
  2. Lynneth Solis, a play and education researcher with Project Zero at the Harvard Graduate School of Education: “But play, by its very nature, also prepares individuals to deal with uncertainty and “feel comfortable with risk-taking.”
  3. Jennifer Fane, a PhD candidate at Flinders University in Australia: “Play can also help clarify precisely what those negative emotions are about: Kids can be terrible communicators, but play is their medium.”
  4. Professor Paul Ramchandani, the LEGO Professor of Play in Education, Development, and Learning at the University of Cambridge in England: “However, none of us should read too much into what we see in children’s play. . . interpreting children’s play is very fraught.”