II. While Reading Activities
- delay |dəˈlā| verb [with object] make (someone or something) late or slow: the train was delayed. • postpone or defer (an action): he may decide to delay the next cut in interest rates.
- velodrome |ˈveləˌdrōm| noun a cycle-racing track, typically with steeply banked curves.• a stadium containing a cycle-racing track with steeply banked curves.
- circumstances |ˈsərkəmˌstansˈsərkəmstəns| noun (usually circumstances) a fact or condition connected with or relevant to an event or action: we wanted to marry but circumstances didn’t permit.
- preliminary |prəˈliməˌnerē| adjective denoting an action or event preceding or done in preparation for something fuller or more important: preliminary talks | the discussions were seen as preliminary to the policy paper.
- Paralympic Games |perəˈlimpik ˌɡāmz| (also the Paralympics) an international sports festival for athletes with disabilities, now held every four years in conjunction with the Olympic Games.
- brand |brand| verb [with object] • (as noun branding) the promotion of a particular product or company by means of advertising and distinctive design.
- torch relay noun an event during which a ceremonial torch is carried on a designated route by a succession of torchbearers: the Olympic flame will travel to Britain for a 70-day torch relay covering 8,000 miles.
- spectator |ˈspekˌtādər| noun a person who watches at a show, game, or other event.
- eager |ˈēɡər| adjective (of a person) wanting to do or have something very much: the man was eager to please | young intellectuals eager for knowledge.
- exception |ikˈsepSH(ə)n| noun a person or thing that is excluded from a general statement or does not follow a rule: the drives between towns are a delight, and the journey to Graz is no exception | while he normally shies away from introducing resolutions, he made an exception in this case.
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
I – 1 -times
How many times has Tokyo hosted the Games?
II 2- is
Miraitowa is the mascot of the Games.
III – 1-retired
Two of the biggest stars of recent Games have retired.
- T- The Summer Games, scheduled for Tokyo in July and August 2020, were delayed for a year because of the pandemic.
- F- Surveys show that 70 percent to 80 percent of people in Japan think the Games should not go on this summer.
- T- Despite coming a year late, the Games are still called Tokyo 2020.
- F-Japanese fans can attend events, as of now. But most international visitors will not be allowed to come to Japan for the Olympics.
- T- Exceptions to attend the Games will be made for athletes, officials and some news media members.
- F- The relay got underway in Fukushima, Japan, on March 25.
- T-Two significant Olympics officials have left their posts after making sexist remarks.
- F- The Summer and Winter Olympics alternate every two years.
- F- While wrestling was at one point dropped from the 2020 Games, it was eventually reinstated, so no sports will be missing.
- T- The five rings, of blue, yellow, black, green and red, date to 1912 and were designed by de Coubertin. The colors were chosen so that every flag in the world would have at least one matching color.