II. While Reading Tasks
- achieve |əˈCHēv| verb-reach or attain (a desired objective, level, or result) by effort, skill, or courage: he achieved his ambition to become a journalist
- domesticate |dəˈmestiˌkāt| verb-tame (an animal) and keep it as a pet or for farm produce: mammals were first domesticated for their milk.
- folklore |ˈfōkˌlôr| noun-the traditional beliefs, customs, and stories of a community, passed through the generations by word of mouth.
- archaeologist |ˌärkēˈäləjē| noun-the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.
- consensus |kənˈsensəs| noun [ usu. in sing. ] general agreement: a consensus of opinion among judges | [ as modifier ] : a consensus view.
- fisticuffs |ˈfistiˌkəfs| pl.noun- fighting with the fists.
- brawling |brôl| verb -fighting or quarreling in a rough or noisy way.
- resurrect |ˌrezəˈrekt| verb-restore (a dead person) to life: he was dead, but he was resurrected.
- depiction |diˈpikSHən| noun- the result of illustration; image, of something, esp. in art; painting, portrait, drawing, sketch, study.
- benevolent |bəˈnevələnt| adjective-well meaning and kindly: a benevolent smile.
Directions: Review the following statements from the reading. If a statement is true they mark it T. If the statement is not applicable, they mark it NA. If the statement is false they mark it F and provide the correct answer.
- F- Kris Kringle was originally created for adults, not children.
- F- In the early 1800s, America’s Christian leaders had banned celebrations of Christmas.
- T- From this article we learn that in midwinter, the crops were harvested.
- F- Back then on December 25, the working-class got drunk and looted.
- F- A group of blue-blood New Yorkers were against the working class drinking and looting.
- T-They wanted to domesticate Christmas, bring it indoors, and focus it on children.
- F- When the Dutch came to the New World in the 1600s, they brought a fellow named Sinterklaas.
- NA-Sinterklaas had five children of his own.
- T-Sinterklaas wore a red bishop’s miter and had a snowy white beard.
- T-An archaeologist who dug up his bones in 2005 found that Nicholas had a broken nose.