II. While Reading Tasks
- evaluate |iˈvalyo͞oˌāt| verb-form an idea of the amount, number, or value of; assess: when you evaluate any hammer, look for precision machining
- consensus |kənˈsensəs| noun-general agreement: a consensus of opinion among judges | [ as modifier ] : a consensus view.
- unique –|yo͞oˈnēk| adjective-being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else: the situation was unique in modern politics
- distinctive |disˈtiNGktiv| adjective-characteristic of one person or thing, and so serving to distinguish it from others: juniper berries give gin its distinctive flavor.
- paradoxical |ˌparəˈdäksikəl| adjective -seemingly absurd or self-contradictory: by glorifying the acts of violence they achieve the paradoxical effect of making them trivial.
- plot |plät| the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence.
- narcissism |ˈnärsəˌsizəm| noun-Psychology extreme selfishness, with a grandiose view of one’s own talents and a craving for admiration, as characterizing a personality type.
- employee |emˈploi-ē, ˌemploiˈē| noun- a person employed for wages or salary, esp. at nonexecutive level.
- permanent |ˈpərmənənt| adjective-lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged indefinitely: a permanent ban on the dumping of radioactive waste at sea | damage was not thought to be permanent | some temporary workers did not want a permanent job.
- reputation |ˌrepyəˈtāSHən| noun- the beliefs or opinions that are generally held about someone or something: his reputation was tarnished by allegations that he had taken bribes.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Reading Comprehension: Word -Recognition
Across organizations large and small, private and public, from manufacturing to knowledge to service work, Professor Martin’s team found seven stories over and over. Organizational cultures, and in particular stories, carry a claim to uniqueness — that an institution is unlike any other, the researchers wrote. But paradoxically, the same stories occur in virtually identical form, in a wide variety of organizations.
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
How do you figure out the culture of a company?
This is one of the big debates.
In many organizations, employees are fired for errors.