- *Roe v. Wade Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the Constitution of the United States generally protects a pregnant woman’s liberty to choose to have an abortion…The case was brought by Norma McCorvey—known by the legal pseudonym “Jane Roe“—who in 1969 became pregnant with her third child. McCorvey wanted an abortion, but she lived in Texas where abortion was illegal, except when necessary to save the mother’s life. Her attorneys, Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee, filed a lawsuit on her behalf in U.S. federal court against her local district attorney, Henry Wade, alleging that Texas’s abortion laws were unconstitutional. A special three-judge court of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas heard the case and ruled in her favor. The parties appealed this ruling to the Supreme Court…The Supreme Court’s decision in Roe was among the most controversial in U.S. history.
- reproductive rights plural noun the rights of women as individuals to control and make decisions relating to reproduction and childbearing, especially with regard to contraception and abortion: the senator has been a vocal advocate for reproductive rights and women’s health.
- illegal | i(l)ˈlēɡ(ə)l, əˈlēɡ(ə)l | adjective contrary to or forbidden by law, especially criminal law: illegal drugs | the rules make it illegal to use a mobile device while driving | people involved in such illegal activities may face criminal charges.
- restrictions | rəˈstrikSH(ə)n |noun (often restrictions) a limiting condition or measure, especially a legal one: planning restrictions on commercial development.• the limitation or control of someone or something, or the state of being limited or restricted: the restriction of local government power.
- invalidated | inˈvaləˌdāt |verb [with object] 1 make (an argument, statement, or theory) unsound or erroneous. 2 deprive (an official document or procedure) of legal efficacy because of contravention of a regulation or law: a technical flaw in her papers invalidated her nomination.
- ban | ban |verb (bans, banning, banned) [with object] officially or legally prohibit: he was banned from driving for a year | a proposal to ban all trade in ivory.
- decline | dəˈklīn |verb1 [no object] (typically of something regarded as good) become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease: the birth rate continued to decline.• diminish in strength or quality; deteriorate: her health began to decline.
- enshrine | inˈSHrīn, enˈSHrīn verb [with object and adverbial of place] (usually be enshrined) place (a revered or precious object) in an appropriate receptacle: relics are enshrined under altars. • preserve (a right, tradition, or idea) in a form that ensures it will be protected and respected: the right of all workers to strike was enshrined in the new constitution.
- demographics ˌdeməˈɡrafiks | plural noun statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it: the demographics of book buyers.
- unusual | ˌənˈyo͞oZH(əw)əl | adjective not habitually or commonly occurring or done: the company took the unusual step of complaining publicly about the decision | it was unusual for Dennis to be late.
New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Word -Recognition
Without Roe, abortion will probably decline more because women will have to travel farther to reach a state where it’s legal. Many women who get abortions are poor, and long travel distances can be insurmountable. The states likely to ban abortion are concentrated in the South, Midwest and Great Plains.
Reading Comprehension Fill-ins
Under Roe, around one in four American women would have been expected to obtain an abortion at some point, according to research from the Guttmacher Institute.
That includes women from all backgrounds. But statistics show women who receive abortions in the United States are more likely to be unmarried; to be in their 20s; to have low incomes; and to already have a child.