Lesson Plan: Name Your Fear… A New Drug Can Cure It
II. While Reading Tasks
- PTSD abbreviation-post-traumatic stress disorder.
- predict |priˈdikt| verb say or estimate that (a specified thing) will happen in the future or will be a consequence of something: it is too early to predict a result.
- tolerate |ˈtäləˌrāt| verb-allow the existence, occurrence, or practice of (something that one does not necessarily like or agree with) without interference: a regime unwilling to tolerate dissent.
- initial |iˈniSHəl| adjective-existing or occurring at the beginning: our initial impression was favorable.
- phobia |ˈfōbēə| noun-an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something: he had a phobia about being under water | a phobia of germs | a snake phobia.
- reside|riˈzīd| verb-have one’s permanent home in a particular place: people who work in the city actually reside in neighboring towns.
- vengeance |ˈvenjəns| noun-punishment inflicted or retribution exacted for an injury or wrong.
- arachnophobia-|əˌraknəˈfōbēə|-noun-extreme or irrational fear of spiders.
- Exposure |ikˈspōZHər|-noun–the state of being exposed to contact with something: the dangers posed by exposure to asbestos.
- stimulant |ˈstimyələnt|-noun-a substance that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Reading Comprehension: Fill-ins
Anxiety enhances emotional memory. We all know that — it’s why you can easily forget where you put your wallet, but will never forget being attacked. Indeed, a study that will be published next month found that the escalating use of stimulants by the military in active duty soldiers, including those serving in Iraq and Afghanistan, was strongly correlated with an increase in the rates of PTSD, even when controlling for other factors, like the rate of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
The study examined the use of prescription stimulants, like Ritalin and Adderall, and the rates of PTSD in nearly 26,000 military service members between 2001 and 2008, and found that the incidence of PTSD increased along with the prescriptions.
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
It has been an article of faith in neuroscience.
Arachnophobes have an emotional memory.
Some may also argue that it’s a mistake to tinker with our fear responses.