II. While Reading Activities
- ethos |ˈēTHäs| noun-the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its beliefs and aspirations: a challenge to the ethos of the 1960s.
- frippery |ˈfrip(ə)rē| noun (pl. fripperies) showy or unnecessary ornament in architecture, dress, or language.
- monarch |ˈmänərkˈmänˌärk|-noun-1 a sovereign head of state, especially a king, queen, or emperor.
- advocate |ˈadvəkət| noun–a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy: he was an untiring advocate of economic reform.
- antiquated |ˈan(t)əˌkwādəd| adjective-d-fashioned or outdated: this antiquated central heating system.
- anachronistic |əˌnakrəˈnistik|-adjective-belonging to a period other than that being portrayed: ‘Titus’ benefits from the effective use of anachronistic elements like cars and loudspeakers.
- exile |ˈeɡˌzīlˈekˌsīl| noun-the state of being barred from one’s native country, typically for political or punitive reasons: he knew now that he would die in exile.
- retention |rəˈten(t)SH(ə)n| noun-the continued possession, use, or control of something: the retention of direct control by central government.
- replete |rəˈplēt| adjective filled or well-supplied with something: sensational popular fiction, replete with adultery and sudden death.
- rebellion |rəˈbelyən|-noun an act of violent or open resistance to an established government or ruler: the authorities put down a rebellion by landless colonials | Simon de Montfort rose in rebellion.
- F-According to Count Nikolai Tolstoy, most people think the monarchy is just decorative and filled with splendor and personalities.
- F-Count Nikolai Tolstoy is not the only voice advocating rule by royalty.
- T-“I love the monarchy,” Count Tolstoy, 82 said.
- F-Critics say monarchies are antiquated in an era when democracies around the globe appear to be imperiled.
- T-A recent study that examined the economic performance of monarchies versus republics bolsters the views of monarchists.
- T-The study was led by Mauro F. Guillén, a management professor at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.
- T-The study found that monarchies outperform other forms of government.
- F- Mr. Guillén says he was shocked by the results.
- T-His findings come as no surprise, however, to monarchists.
- T-Monarchists believe that countries with monarchies are better off because royal families act as a unifying force and a powerful symbol.
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
Mr. Guillén’s study shows that since 1900, 22 countries have abandoned royal leaders.
The group has a clear mandate.
He has also run, unsuccessfully, as a parliamentary candidate.