II. While Reading Activities
- Homeland Security-the department of the US government responsible for protecting the United States and its territory from terrorism and large-scale disasters, and for responding to such events when they occur. It was established in 2002 in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
- confined |kənˈfīnd|adjective (of a space) restricted in area or volume; cramped: wear a dust mask and goggles when soldering in confined spaces.
- scenario |səˈnerēˌō| noun (plural scenarios) a postulated sequence or development of events: a possible scenario is that he was attacked after opening the front door.
- zigzag |ˈziɡˌzaɡ| adjective-having the form of a zigzag; veering to right and left alternately: when chased by a predator, some animals take a zigzag course.
- lockdown |ˈläkdoun| noun-a state of isolation or restricted access instituted as a security measure: the university is on lockdown and nobody has been able to leave.
- barricade |ˈberəˌkād| verb [with object] block or defend with an improvised barrier: he barricaded the door with a bureau | (as adjective barricaded) : the heavily barricaded streets.
- resort |rəˈzôrt| noun-the action of turning to and adopting a strategy or course of action, especially a disagreeable or undesirable one, so as to resolve a difficult situation: Germany and Italy tried to resolve their economic and social failures by resort to fascism.
- jeopardize |ˈjepərˌdīz| verb [with object] put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure: a devaluation of the dollar would jeopardize New York’s position as a financial center.
- tourniquet |ˈtərnəkət| noun-a device for stopping the flow of blood through a vein or artery, typically by compressing a limb with a cord or tight bandage.
- stanch stôn(t)SHstän(t)SH| (also staunch)-verb [with object] chiefly US stop or restrict (a flow of blood) from a wound: colleagues may have saved her life by stanching the flow
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
- T-According to the article the specific situation and location matters.
- F-Do not pull a fire alarm. That creates confusion as to whether what is happening is a drill.
- T-An active shooter is described as someone with a gun engaged in killing or trying to kill people in a confined and populated place.
- F-When you hear gunfire, the first response should be to escape.
- T-Whenever you are in a new location, take note of the exits.
- F- If on a higher floor, don’t use elevators; take the stairs. Windows are also an option.
- F–If you believe you are in the gunman’s line of sight, run in a zigzag, or from cover to cover.
- F-If escape is not an option, you should hide.
- T-You can also hide under your desk if there is no alternative. It’s not the best choice, but removing yourself from the line of sight and gunfire is better than nothing.
- F- Playing dead is generally not a good idea. Gunmen have been known to circle back and fire into wounded people or others on the ground.
Many workplaces and schools use drills to prepare workers and students for lockdowns and evacuations. But if you are someplace like a theater, look for the exits yourself. Mr. Kolasky, who worked with the National Association of Theatre Owners after the Aurora theater shooting in 2012, said public service announcements in theaters often point them out. But they are only successful to the degree that people pay attention, he said.