II. While Reading Activities
- invigilate |inˈvijəˌlāt| verb [no object] British supervise candidates during an examination. invigilator |inˈvijəˌlādər| noun
- algorithm |ˈalɡəˌriT͟Həm| noun a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer: a basic algorithm for division.
- flags |flaɡ |verb (flags, flagging, flagged) [with object] 1 mark (an item) for attention or treatment in a specified way: “gratfully” would be flagged as a misspelling of “gratefully.”• draw attention to: problems often flag the need for organizational change.
- IP address |ˌaɪ ˈpi əˈdrɛs|noun Computing a unique string of numbers separated by periods that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.
- petition |pəˈtiSH(ə)n| noun a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause: she was asked to sign a petition against plans to build on the local playing fields.
- software |ˈsôf(t)wer| noun the programs and other operating information used by a computer. Compare with hardware.
- proctor |ˈpräktər noun 1 North American a person who monitors students during an examination.
- escalate |ˈeskəˌlāt| verb [no object] increase rapidly: the price of tickets escalated | (as adjective escalating) : the escalating cost of health care
- suspicion |səˈspiSHən| noun • a feeling or belief that someone is guilty of an illegal, dishonest, or unpleasant action: police would not say what aroused their suspicions
- litigious |ləˈtijəs| adjective unreasonably prone to go to law to settle disputes.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
I – 1- educators
Students and educators object to exam proctoring software.
II – 2 -use
In their petition, the students say the use of ExamSoft discriminates against people of color.
III – 3 – students
in general, students and faculty are worried about the spread of proctoring tools on campuses.
Identify The Speakers
Erik Johnson computer science student preparing to start his first year at Miami University. “If my professors weren’t flexible, I’d be completely unable to take exams.”
Jennifer Holt, a film and media studies professor at UCSB. “We need to really think long and hard about how we are adapting..”We’re supposed to be protecting our students.”
Scott MacFarland, the CEO of ProctorU. “Any plan that calls for schools to just ‘stop using’ proctoring will make cheating more common than it already is, escalating a severe threat to all higher education.”
Ahmed Alamri, attempted to register for the practice version of the California state bar exam. “It just seems to me that this mock exam is reading the poor lighting as my skin color.”
Shea Swauger, a research librarian at the University of Colorado Denver’s Auraria Library and studies educational technology. “These coders are defining, mathematically, the ideal student body: how often it does, or doesn’t do, these certain attributes, and anything outside of that ideal is treated with suspicion.”
Rohan Singh, a computer engineering student at Michigan State University. “Each academic department has almost complete agency to design their curriculum as far as I know, and each professor has the freedom to design their own exams and use whatever monitoring they see fit.”
Ian Linkletter, a learning technology specialist at the University of British Columbia, in Vancouver. After this person began sharing Proctorio training videos and documents that explained the company’s abnormality methodology on Twitter, the videos were removed from YouTube, and Proctorio filed for a court injunction to prevent this person from sharing its training material.