II. While Reading Activities
- disinformation |ˌdisənfərˈmāSH(ə)n| noun false information that is intended to mislead, especially propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media.
- *information laundering Telling a lie to another party via a lawyer, [or social media] so that now the other party believes it. (e.g., I got my lawyer to do some information laundering so that idiot would believe me.
- anonymous |əˈnänəməs| adjective -(of a person) not identified by name; of unknown name: the anonymous author of Beowulf | the donor’s wish to remain anonymous | an anonymous phone call.
- edit |ˈedət| verb (edits, editing, edited) prepare (written material) for publication by correcting, condensing, or otherwise modifying it: Volume I was edited by J. Johnson.
- immutable |i(m)ˈmyo͞odəb(ə)l| adjective unchanging over time or unable to be changed: an immutable fact.
- evidence |ˈevədəns| noun the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid: the study finds little evidence of overt discrimination.
- meddle |ˈmedl| verb [no object] interfere in or busy oneself unduly with something that is not one’s concern: I don’t want him meddling in our affairs | (as noun meddling) : bureaucratic meddling.
- obfuscation |ˌäbfəˈskāSH(ə)n| noun the action of making something obscure, unclear, or unintelligible: when confronted with sharp questions they resort to obfuscation | ministers put up mealy-mouthed denials and obfuscations
- F.B.I. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
- fake |fāk| adjective not genuine; counterfeit: fake News;| expressing fake emotions. • (of a person) claiming to be something that one is not: a fake president.
New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Identifying Prepositions
- The Russian group that interfered in the 2016 presidential election is at it again.
- The disinformation campaign by the Kremlin-backed group is known as the Internet Research Agency.
- Now Facebook and Twitter are offering evidence of this meddling.
- The group has been a less important part of Russia’s operations this year, according to two American intelligence officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity.
Identify The Speakers
Ben Nimmo: His firm, Graphika, worked with Facebook to release a report on the fake site: “The Russians are trying harder to hide; they are increasingly putting up more and more layers of obfuscation.”
Nathaniel Gleicher, Facebook’s head of security: “The goal appeared to be to drive people to the Peace Data site, which billed itself as a global news organization.”
Bill Russo, a spokesman for the Biden campaign: “The Russian activity was proof of two immutable facts: Russia is attempting to interfere in our elections on behalf of Trump, and Facebook’s platform is a key vector for these efforts.”