II. While Reading Activities
- hitchhike |ˈhiCHˌhīk| verb [no object] travel by getting free rides in passing vehicles: he dropped out in 1976 and hitchhiked west.
- punched |pən(t)SH| verb [with object]1 strike with the fist: she punched him in the face and ran off.
- phenomenon |fəˈnäməˌnänfəˈnäməˌnən| noun (plural phenomena |-nə| ) 1 a fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, especially one whose cause or explanation is in question: glaciers are unique and interesting natural phenomena.• a remarkable person, thing, or event.
- humanoid |ˈ(h)yo͞oməˌnoid| adjective-having an appearance or character resembling that of a human.
- terrify |ˈterəˌfī| verb (terrifies, terrifying, terrified) [with object] cause to feel extreme fear: the thought terrifies me | he is terrified of spiders | [with object] : she was terrified he would drop her | (as adjective terrifying) : the terrifying events of the past few weeks.
- insurrection |ˌinsəˈrekSH(ə)n| noun-a violent uprising against an authority or government: the insurrection was savagely put down | opposition to the new regime led to armed insurrection.
- automaton |ôˈtämədənôˈtäməˌtän| noun (plural automata |-tə| or automatons) a moving mechanical device made in imitation of a human being.
- revolt |rəˈvōlt| verb- 1 [no object] rise in rebellion: the insurgents revolted and had to be suppressed.
- anthropomorphize |ˌanTHrəpəˈmôrfizəm| noun-the attribution of human characteristics or behavior to a god, animal, or object.
- sentient |ˈsen(t)SH(ē)ənt| adjective-able to perceive or feel things: she had been instructed from birth in the equality of all sentient life forms.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar: Identifying English Articles
The nervous system could only be understood after the discovery of electricity, he wrote. DNA is necessarily explained as an analog to computer code. And the human heart is often understood as a mechanical pump. At every turn, Mr. Kaplan wrote, “we see ourselves in the mirror of the machines that we can build.”
Abuse of humanoid robots can be disturbing and expensive, but there may be a solution…kids have this tendency of being very brutal to the robot, they would kick the robot… That went on until the caregiver started giving names to the robots. So the robots suddenly were not just robots but Andy, Joe and Sally. At that moment, the brutal behavior stopped.