II. While Reading Activities
- Traumatic |trəˈmadiktrouˈmadiktrôˈmadik| adjective emotionally disturbing or distressing: she was going through a traumatic divorce.• relating to or causing psychological trauma.
- Toxic |ˈtäksik| adjective • very bad, unpleasant, or harmful: a toxic relationship.
- mitigate |ˈmidəˌɡāt| verb [with object] make less severe, serious, or painful: he wanted to mitigate misery in the world.
- bond |bänd| noun a force or feeling that unites people; a common emotion or interest: there was a bond of understanding between them.
- dysfunction |ˌdisˈfəNG(k)SH(ə)n| noun abnormality or impairment in the function of a specified bodily organ or system: bowel dysfunction.
- nurturing |ˈnərCHər|verb [with object] care for and encourage the growth or development of: Jarrett was nurtured by his parents in a close-knit family.
- adversity |ədˈvərsədē| noun (plural adversities)difficulties; misfortune: resilience in the face of adversity | she overcame many adversities.
- positive |ˈpäzədiv| adjective • showing pleasing progress, gain, or improvement: the election result will have a positive effect because it will restore people’s confidence.
- encourage |inˈkərij| verb [with object] give support, confidence, or hope to (someone): we were encouraged by the success of this venture | (as adjective encouraged) : I feel much encouraged.
- severe |səˈvir| adjective (severer, severest)1 (of something bad or undesirable) very great; intense: a severe shortage of technicians | a severe attack of asthma | damage is not too severe.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
The researchers studied several types of relationships.
Trudy Wilcox was worried about her 8-year-old son, Evan.
The MIT hockey rink became Evan’s oasis.
Reading Comprehension: Identify The Speakers
- Dr. Robert Sege, a pediatrician and researcher at Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center. “…specialists say pediatricians, social workers, and others who work with kids should take steps to monitor and encourage those healthy relationships — just as they’re careful to screen for abuse and neglect. Otherwise, we will miss attempts to help people recover or heal.”
- Dr. Andrew Garner, a pediatrician at University Hospitals of Cleveland. “This thinking is catching on…These positive experiences may give kids a flashlight to shine into the future.”
- Dr. Renee Boynton-Jarrett, a pediatrician at Boston Medical Center. “The growing recognition of the power of positive relationships to foster resilience will help busy physicians remember to ask about promising family, school, and community relationships.”
- Trudy Wilcox was worried about her 8-year-old son, Evan, a lonely third-grader in Cambridge who struggled with speaking, reading, and writing and who was being bullied at school. “I am Evan’s sole parent. We don’t have extended family in the area, and I saw Nick as a friend for Evan, someone who could provide fun, which wasn’t my strong suit,”
- Evan Wilcox, now a college sophomore. “I felt less lonely…He’s a friend who would be beside me all the time.”