Answer Key: Permanent DST Has Negative Effects

Lesson Plan: The Negative Effects of Permanent Daylight Savings Time

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. daylight saving time |ˈˌdālīt ˈsāviNG ˌtīm| (also daylight savings time) noun North American time as adjusted to achieve longer evening daylight, especially in summer, by setting the clocks an hour ahead of the standard time.
  2. repealed  verb [with object] revoke or annul (a law or congressional act): the legislation was repealed five months later.
  3. the Senate |ˈsenət| noun• the smaller upper assembly in the US Congress, most US states, France, and other countries.
  4. *a pat on the back  noun phrase (informal) an expression of approval or congratulation: they deserve a pat on the back for a job well done.
  5. permanent  |ˈpərmənənt| adjective lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged indefinitely: a permanent ban on the dumping of radioactive waste at sea | damage was not thought to be permanent | some temporary workers did not want a permanent job.
  6. legislation |ˌlejəˈslāSH(ə)n| noun laws, considered collectively: tax legislation.
  7. consumption |kənˈsəm(p)SH(ə)n| noun 1 the using up of a resource: industrialized countries should reduce their energy consumption.
  8. unpopular  |ˌənˈpäpyələr| adjective not liked or popular: unpopular measures | Luke was unpopular with most of the teachers.
  9. reject verb |rəˈjekt| [with object] dismiss as inadequate, inappropriate, or not to one’s taste: union negotiators rejected a 1.5 percent pay increase.
  10. compromise |ˈkämprəˌmīz| noun an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions: an ability to listen to two sides in a dispute, and devise a compromise acceptable to both | the secret of a happy marriage is compromise.


New Oxford American Dictionary

*Merriam Webster Dictionary

Grammar Focus: Prepositions

However, America tried this before — and the country hated it. In the early 1970s, America was facing an energy crisis so the government tried an experiment. Congress passed a law to make daylight saving time permanent year round, but just for two years. The thinking was more sunlight in the evening would reduce the nation’s energy consumption.

The House has no immediate plans to take up the Senate-passed bill, but there is bipartisan support for it. The Biden administration hasn’t taken a position on it yet.

Reading Comprehension: Identify The  Speakers

  1. David Prerau, one of the nation’s foremost experts on the issue. “It didn’t work… It became very unpopular very quickly.”
  2. Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., Today the Senate has finally delivered on something Americans all over the country want: to never have to change their clocks again.”
  3. Dr. Beth Malow, a neurologist at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. “It’s called standard time because ST lines up with our natural, biological rhythms. Permanent standard time with sunnier mornings and darker evenings would be healthier, especially for front-line workers and school students with early waking hours.”
  4. White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki. “I don’t have a specific position from the administration at this point in time.”