Answer Key: New Zealand’s PM Jacinda Ardern

Lesson Plan: New Zealand’s PM Jacinda Ardern Means Business!

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. ban 1 |ban| verb (bans, banning, banned) [with object] officially or legally prohibit: he was banned from driving for a year | a proposal to ban all trade in ivory.
  2. semiautomatic |ˌsemēˌôdəˈmadikˌsemˌīˌôdəˈmadik| adjective • (of a firearm) having a mechanism for self-loading but not for continuous firing: semiautomatic rifles.
  3. launch |lôn(t)SHlän(t)SH| verb [with object] start or set in motion (an activity or enterprise): she was launching a campaign against ugly architecture.
  4. astonishing |əˈstänəSHiNG| adjective-extremely surprising or impressive; amazing: an astonishing achievement | I find it astonishing that they ever thought it could work.
  5. initiate verb |iˈniSHēˌāt| [with object] 1 cause (a process or action) to begin: he proposes to initiate discussions on planning procedures.
  6. availability |əˌvāləˈbilədē| noun • the state of being otherwise unoccupied; freedom to do something: they inquired as to my availability for a game the following evening.
  7. stockpile |ˈstäkˌpīl| verb [with object] accumulate a large stock of (goods or materials): he claimed that the weapons were being stockpiled.
  8. exemption |iɡˈzem(p)SH(ə)n| noun the process of freeing or state of being free from an obligation or liability imposed on others: exemption from prescription charges | regulatory exemptions.
  9. advocate advocate noun |ˈadvəkət| a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy: he was an untiring advocate of economic reform.
  10. equivalent |əˈkwiv(ə)lənt|  noun • a person or thing that is equal to or corresponds with another in value, amount, function, meaning, etc.: the French equivalent of the FBI.


Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage


It is highly unusual to see a human figure as a target.


The new law is expected to be in place by April 11.

III-2- A

A group of only 7,500 people will be allowed to own military-style weapons.


Reading Comprehension: Fill-ins

“New Zealand is a farming nation where guns are often used for controlling pests, or recreationally for hunting and sport. There are as many as 1.5 million guns in the country — one for every three people.”