II. While Reading Activities
- ailing |ˈāliNG|-adjective-in poor health: I went to see my ailing mother | figurative : the ailing economy.
- reaffirmed [ˌriːəˈfɜːm]- >re·af·firm (Verb)- State again as a fact; assert again strongly: “the prime minister reaffirmed his commitment”.
- legacy |ˈlegəsē|-noun ( pl. legacies )-a thing handed down by a predecessor: the legacy of centuries of neglect.
- inscriptions > inscription inˈskripSHən|-noun-words inscribed, as on a monument or in a book: the inscription on her headstone.
- flanked >flank |flaNGk|-verb [ with obj. ]-be situated on each side of or on one side of (someone or something): the fireplace is flanked by built-in bookshelves.
- deference |ˈdefərəns|-noun-humble submission and respect: he addressed her with the deference due to age. Phrases: in deference to; out of respect for; in consideration of.
- photo-op |ˈfōtō äp|-noun-informal term for photo opportunity.
- chronic |ˈkränik|-adjective-(of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring: chronic bronchitis. Often contrasted with acute.
- iconic |īˈkänik|-adjective-of, relating to, or of the nature of an icon: language is not in general an iconic sign system.
- symbolism |ˈsimbəˌlizəm|-noun-the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities: he has always believed in the importance of symbolism in garden art.
Sources: New Oxford American Dictionary-The Free Dictionary
- T- Nelson Mandela is the former president of South Africa.
- F- Mr. Obama, accompanied by the first lady Michelle, met for about 25 minutes with Mr. Mandela’s relatives.
- F- Graça Machel is Mr. Mandela’s wife. (Winnie Mandela is his ex-wife).
- T- The Centre of Memory hopes to keep Mr. Mandela’s legacy alive after he dies.
- F- A steady stream of mostly white well-wishers gathered outside Mandela’s home Saturday.
- F- Mr. Mandela spent 18 years in a tiny cell in Robben Island.
- NA Mr. Mandela will leave a fortune to South African charities.
- T- Mr. Obama said that his top priority for the African continent was to help the governments to establish more stable and transparent democracies.
- F- Many South Africans fear that an eruption of violence will occur after Mandela’s death.
- F- Diana Anderson,is a local resident, who arrived outside Mr. Mandela’s house, with her two young children.
Structure and Usage
I. 1- spoken, II.-3-having III.-3-men
While Listening Tasks
- a. July 18, 1918.
- c. seven
- c. teacher
- a. 1941
- b. African National Congress (ANC).
- b. arrested
- c. 71
- b. Nobel Peace Prize
- a. president
- c. 300