II. While Reading Activities
- thriving |ˈθrʌɪvɪŋ| adjective prosperous and growing; flourishing: the thriving business George has built up.
- prop |präp| noun a portable object other than furniture or costumes used on the set of a play or movie.
- lavish |ˈlaviSH| [with object] (lavish something on) bestow something in generous or extravagant quantities upon: the media couldn’t lavish enough praise on the film.
- confidence |ˈkänfədəns| noun the feeling or belief that one can rely on someone or something; firm trust: we had every confidence in the staff | he had gained the young man’s confidence.
- garble |ˈɡärbəl verb [with object] reproduce (a message, sound, or transmission) in a confused and distorted way: the connection was awful and kept garbling his voice | (as adjective garbled) : I got a garbled set of directions.
- pandemic |panˈdemik| noun an outbreak of a pandemic disease prevalent over a whole country or the world.
- former |ˈfôrmər| adjective [attributive] 1 having previously filled a particular role or been a particular thing: her former boyfriend.• of or occurring in the past or an earlier period: in former times.
- mainstream |ˈmānˌstrēm| as adjective: (of a school or class)• place (students learning English as a Second language) into a mainstream class or school: the goal is to have the child mainstreamed into a regular classroom.
- nuance |ˈn(y)o͞oˌäns| noun a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound: the nuances of facial expression and body language.
- self-conscious |ˈˌself ˈkänSHəs| adjective feeling undue awareness of oneself, one’s appearance, or one’s actions: I feel a bit self-conscious parking my scruffy old car | a self-conscious laugh.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
I – 1 -were
A year ago, the kindergartners learning English in Tanya Gan Lim’s class were thriving.
II – 2-are
Children learning English are more likely to struggle and drop out.
Ninth-grader Jimmy is self-conscious about his English skills.
Identify The Speakers
- Tanya Gan Lim: A former English learner herself, teaches in Prince George’s County Public Schools, just outside Washington, D.C. “This year, I only get to interact with my class for 30 minutes and then we log out and that’s it.”
- Ninth-grader Jimmy is self-conscious about his English skills…Last year, when school was in-person, he said some kids picked on him because he didn’t speak English well: He made a new friend who helped him with words he didn’t understand. “He’s like my brother to me. He helped me a lot.”
- Marcelo Suárez-Orozco, who has spent years researching immigrant youth. Now the chancellor of the University of Massachusetts Boston: “Very few youth in our study could say they had one friend who was an English dominant speaker. Those friendships have been even harder to foster in the age of social distancing.”