II. While Reading Activities
- dispiriting |dəˈspirədiNG| adjective-causing someone to lose enthusiasm and hope; disheartening: it was a dispiriting occasion.
- coup de grâce |ˌko͞o də ˈɡräs| noun (plural coups de grâce pronounced same) an action or event that serves as the culmination of a bad or deteriorating situation: the epidemic has been the coup de grâce for the airline crisis.
- enhance |inˈhansenˈhans| verb [with object] intensify, increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of: his refusal does nothing to enhance his reputation | computer techniques that enhance images.
- erode |əˈrōd| verb [with object] • gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed: [with object] : this humiliation has eroded what confidence Jean has | [no object] : profit margins are eroding.
- promote |prəˈmōt| verb [with object]-1 further the progress of (something, especially a cause, venture, or aim); support or actively encourage: some regulation is still required to promote competition.
- essential |əˈsen(t)SHəl| adjective 1 absolutely necessary; extremely important: [with infinitive] : it is essential to keep up-to-date records | fiber is an essential ingredient.
- crucial |ˈkro͞oSHəl| adjective-decisive or critical, especially in the success or failure of something: negotiations were at a crucial stage.
- confirm |kənˈfərm|-verb [with object] • make (something, especially a person’s appointment to a position or an agreement) formally valid; ratify: the organization has confirmed the appointment of Mr. Collins as managing director.
- significant |siɡˈnifikənt| adjective-1 sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy: a significant increase in sales.
- vague –|vāɡ| adjective-of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning: many patients suffer vague symptoms.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Justice Kennedy, who, while far from an ideal justice — his opinions could be vague and confusing, his jurisprudential commitments often unpredictable — emphasized the basic principles of equality and dignity to a degree not in evidence among the court’s four other conservatives.
Grammar Focus: Word -Recognition
He spoke out forcefully on the need to fix the nation’s broken criminal justice system, voting to strike down excessive sentences for juveniles and the intellectually disabled and to force states to shrink their overcrowded prisons