II. While Reading
- hovering > hover |ˈhəvər| verb [ no obj. ]-remain in one place in the air: army helicopters hovered overhead.
- chiseled- |ˈCHizəld|-adjective-(of wood or stone) shaped or cut with a chisel. A chisel |ˈCHizəl|-noun-a long-bladed hand tool with a beveled cutting edge and a plain handle that is struck with a hammer or mallet, used to cut or shape wood, stone, metal, or other hard materials.
- welter-|ˈweltər|-noun-a large number of items in no order; a confused mass: there’s such a welter of conflicting rules.
- adversity-|adˈvərsitē|-noun ( pl. adversities )-difficulties; misfortune: resilience in the face of adversity | she overcame many adversities.
- mosque-|mäsk|-noun-a Muslim place of worship.
- manifestation -ˌmanəfəˈstāSHən, -ˌfesˈtāSHən|-noun-an event, action, or object that clearly shows or embodies something, esp. a theory or an abstract idea: the first obvious manifestations of global warming.
- Census Bureau- A source for current population data and the latest Economic Indicators. Households to Business to Government – Income & Spending. For additional information: About Us
- coalescing > coalesce |ˌkōəˈles|-verb [ no obj. ]-[ with obj. ] combine (elements) in a mass or whole: to help coalesce the community, they established an office.
- soared > soar |sôr|-verb [ no obj. ]-increase rapidly above the usual level: the cost of living continued to soar | (as adj. soaring) : the soaring crime rate.
- descent |diˈsent|-noun-the origin or background of a person in terms of family or nationality: American families of Hungarian descent .
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
True / False/ NA
- F- According to the article, the German immigrant community dominated the East Village and the Lower East Side for much of the 19th century.
- T- Today, the immigrant population consists mainly of newcomers from Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Latin America.
- T- This shift was triggered by the passage of immigration reform legislation in 1965, which opened the door to greater numbers of non-Europeans.
- NA-Many of the city’s immigrants will continue to live in New York City.
- F- For generations, New York City knew only one Chinatown the world-famous neighborhood in Lower Manhattan.
- T- According to the article, Chinese are the largest immigrant population after Dominicans.
- F- There are now more than 27,000 Ghanaians, the largest African immigrant group in New York City.
- T- According to the latest American Community Survey figures, there are about 140,000 Guyanese immigrants living in New York City.
- NA-Many Korean-owned businesses can be found in New York City and Korea.
- T- Koreatown of Manhattan, is located on 32nd Street between Broadway and Fifth Avenue.
Structure and Usage
I. 2. About 32 percent of the city’s immigrants today came from Latin America.
II. 1. Mexicans may be the most subtle immigrant group in New York City.
III. 1. Food bloggers are among the city’s most adventurous explorers.
IV. Listening Activity
Video Clip: Ellis Island
- F- Between 1892 and 1954 approximately 12 million immigrants came through Ellis Island.
- F- Ellis Island is located in New York City.
- T- Ellis Island was the first federally controlled immigration system.
- F- Before Ellis Island there was little control over immigration in the U.S.
- T- At one time immigrants didn’t need anything but their fare to come to the U.S.
- NA-Many Americans sent money to their relatives in other countries.
- T- In 1921 controls were put into place due to the large influx of immigrants arriving in the U.S.
- F- The controls were used to detect undesirable immigrants.
- T-If immigrants were illiterate, in poor health, or did not have enough money, they were deported back to their countries.
- F- In the 62 years of Ellis Island’s operation, all but 1 percent of immigrants were eventually admitted.
- F-The make-up of immigrants has changed over the years.
- F- 40 percent of Americans can trace a relative who came through Ellis Island.
- T-At the ellis island museum people can look up relatives who came through Ellis Island.