II. While Reading Activities: Word Inference
- feat |fēt| noun-an achievement that requires great courage, skill, or strength: the new printing presses were considerable feats of engineering.
- preceded |priˈsēd| verb [ with obj. ] come before (something) in time: a gun battle had preceded the explosions.
- arduous |ˈärjo͞oəs| adjective-involving or requiring strenuous effort; difficult and tiring: an arduous journey.
- conspicuous |kənˈspikyo͞oəs| adjective-standing out so as to be clearly visible: he was very thin, with a conspicuous Adam’s apple.
- brutal |ˈbro͞otl|-adjective-savagely violent: a brutal murder.
- preparation |ˌprepəˈrāSHən| noun-the action or process of making ready or being made ready for use or consideration: the preparation of a draft contract | the project is in preparation.
- underrepresent |ˌəndə(r)ˌrepriˈzent| verb [ with obj. ]-provide with insufficient or inadequate representation: women are underrepresented at high levels.
- plausible |ˈplôzəbəl| adjective-(of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable: a plausible explanation | it seems plausible that one of two things may happen.
- monarch |ˈmänərk, ˈmänˌärk| noun-1 a sovereign head of state, esp. a king, queen, or emperor.
- connection |kəˈnekSHən| noun-(connections) people with whom one has social or professional contact or to whom one is related, esp. those with influence and able to offer one help: he had connections with the music industry.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Reading Comprehension: Fill-ins
Today, 23 women are top leaders in their respective countries, according to the Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership website. But the list makes room for monarchs – notably, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Queen Margrethe II of Denmark – as well as those who may have risen to the position through parliamentary systems that put the winning party’s leader in charge without direct elections by voters.
Grammar Focus: Word -Recognition
There is a path to the presidency – and it isn’t easy, especially for a woman, says Michele Swers, an American government professor at Georgetown University. It requires a great deal of preparation even before the pricey and exhausting task of actually campaigning for the post.