II. While Reading Activities: Word Inference
- extracurricular |ˌekstrəkəˈrikyələr| adjective- (of an activity at a school or college) pursued in addition to the normal course of study: extracurricular activities include sports, drama, music, chess.
- vital |ˈvīdl| adjective-1 absolutely necessary or important; essential: secrecy is of vital importance | it is vital that the system is regularly maintained.
- innovative |ˈinəˌvādiv| adjective-(of a product, idea, etc.) featuring new methods; advanced and original: innovative designs | innovative ways to help unemployed people.
- dishearten |disˈhärtn| verb [with object]cause (someone) to lose determination or confidence: the farmer was disheartened by the damage to his crops.
- disengaged |ˌdisənˈɡājd| adjective- emotionally detached: the students were oddly disengaged, as if they didn’t believe they could control their lives.
- assume |əˈso͞om| verb [with object]1 suppose to be the case, without proof: you’re afraid of what people are going to assume about me | [with clause] : it is reasonable to assume that such changes have significant social effects | [with object and infinitive] : they were assumed to be foreign.
- essential |əˈsen(t)SHəl| adjective 1 absolutely necessary; extremely important: [with infinitive] : it is essential to keep up-to-date records | fiber is an essential ingredient.
- confident |ˈkänfədənt| adjective-feeling or showing certainty about something: this time they’re confident of a happy ending | I am not very confident about tonight’s game.
- core |kôr| noun • the central or most important part of something. [often as modifier] the part of something that is central to its existence or character: managers can concentrate on their core activities | the plan has the interests of children at its core.
- responsibility |rəˌspänsəˈbilədē|nnoun (plural responsibilities) • the opportunity or ability to act independently and make decisions without authorization: we would expect individuals lower down the organization to take on more responsibility.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: English Pronouns
When you ask American teenagers to pick a single word to describe how they feel in school, the most common choice is ‘bored.’
We traveled from coast to coast to visit 30 public high schools.
Across the different class types, we asked students to explain the purpose of what they were doing.
As we spent more time in schools, however, we noticed that powerful learning was happening n electives, clubs and extracurriculars.
Reading Comprehension : Fill-ins
Before the final bell, we treat students as passive recipients of knowledge whose interests and identities matter little. After the final bell — in newspaper, debate, theater, athletics and more — we treat students as people who learn by doing, people who can teach as well as learn, and people whose passions and ideas are worth cultivating.