II. While Reading Activities
- convince |kənˈvins| verb [with object] cause (someone) to believe firmly in the truth of something: Robert’s expression had obviously convinced her of his innocence | [with object and clause] : you couldn’t convince him that a floppy disk was as good as a manuscript.
- ethic |ˈeTHik| noun [in singular] a set of moral principles, especially ones relating to or affirming a specified group, field, or form of conduct: the puritan ethic was being replaced by the hedonist ethic.
- assumption |əˈsəm(p)SH(ə)n| noun- a thing that is accepted as true or as certain to happen, without proof: they made certain assumptions about the market | [with clause] we’re working on the assumption that the time of death was after midnight.
- catastrophe |kəˈtastrəfē| noun – an event causing great and often sudden damage or suffering; a disaster: a national economic catastrophe | leading the world to catastrophe.
- lamented |ləˈmen(t)əd| adjective (often the late lamented) a conventional way of describing someone who has died or something that has been lost or that has ceased to exist: the late and much lamented Leonard Bernstein.
- moral |ˈmôrəl| adjective concerned with the principles of right and wrong behavior and the goodness or badness of human character: the moral dimensions of medical intervention | a moral judgment.
- per capita |pər ˈkapədə| adverb& adjective for each person; in relation to people taken individually: [as adverb] : the state had fewer banks per capita than elsewhere | [as adjective] : per capita spending.
- projected verb |prəˈjekt| [with object] estimate or forecast (something) on the basis of present trends: spending was projected at $72 million.
- post-apocalyptic adjective -denoting or relating to the time following a nuclear war or other catastrophic event: a post-apocalyptic action picture of the ‘Mad Max’ type: tough loner fights for survival against hordes of barbaric scavengers | the grim desperation of a post-apocalyptic society.
- terrify |ˈterəˌfī| verb (terrifies, terrifying, terrified) [with object] cause to feel extreme fear: the thought terrifies me | he is terrified of spiders | [with object] : she was terrified he would drop her | (as adjective terrifying) : the terrifying events of the past few weeks.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
I – 2-She‘s
She’s not a climate activist.
II – 3-everyone
Not everyone is pessimistic about the future.
III – Rieder’s
Rieder’s audience seems to want an easier way.
Reading Comprehension Fill-ins
Of course, there are ethical concerns. Rebecca Kukla of Georgetown University worries about stigma, especially against poor and minority women. If cultural norms do change, she says, there could be a backlash against families with more children than is deemed socially appropriate.