II. While Reading Tasks
- prosthetic |präsˈTHetik| adjective – an artificial body part, such as a leg, a heart, or a breast implant: his upper jaw was removed and a prosthesis was fitted.
- proliferation |prəˌlifəˈrāSHən| noun-rapid increase in numbers: a continuing threat of nuclear proliferation.
- amputations |ˌampyəˈtāSHən| noun -cut off (a limb), typically by surgical operation: surgeons had to amputate her left hand
- devices |diˈvīs| noun-a thing made or adapted for a particular purpose, esp. a piece of mechanical or electronic equipment: a measuring device.
- DIY also known as, Do it yourself, is the method of building, modifying, or repairing something without the aid of experts or professionals. (source: Wikipedia).
- replacement |riˈplāsmənt| – noun-the action or process of replacing someone or something: the replacement of religion by poetry | a hip replacement.
- disability |ˌdisəˈbilitē| – noun ( pl. disabilities ) a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses, or activities.
- hint |hint| noun- a slight or indirect indication or suggestion: he has given no hint of his views.
- fabricated |ˈfabrəˌkāt| verb [ with obj. ]-construct or manufacture (something, esp. an industrial product), esp. from prepared components: you will have to fabricate an exhaust system.
- collaborating |kəˈlabəˌrāt| verb [ no obj. ] work jointly on an activity, esp. to produce or create something: he collaborated with a distinguished painter on the designs.
- F-Dawson Riverman was born without fingers on his left hand.
- F- The Rivermans could not afford a high-tech prosthetic hand for their son.
- T- Each year, about 450 children receive amputations as a result of lawn mower accidents.
- NAThe 3-D printers can also create prosthetic legs.
- F- E-nable is an online volunteer organization founded in 2013 by Jon Schull.
- T- Dr. Schull is a research scientist at the Rochester Institute of Technology.
- F- Prosthetic hands are not designed to look like replacement parts.
- T- Prosthetic hands can be fabricated in a variety of fluorescent colors, or even made to glow in the dark.
- T-Each hand takes about 20 hours to print and another two or three hours to assemble.
- F- The hands do not work for every child.
Grammar Focus: Preposition Exercise
State-of-the-art prosthetic replacements are complicated medical devices, powered by batteries and they can cost thousands of dollars.The materials for a 3-D-printed prosthetic hand can cost as little as $20 to $50, and some experts say they work just as well, if not better, than much costlier devices. Best of all, boys and girls usually love their D.I.Y. prosthetics. The fingers are closed by flexing the wrist which pulls on cable tendons.