- tradition |trəˈdiSH(ə)n| noun the transmission of customs or beliefs from generation to generation, or the fact of being passed on in this way; every shade of color is fixed by tradition and governed by religious laws.
- festivity |feˈstivədē| noun ( pl. -ties) the celebration of something in a joyful and exuberant way : the season of festivity and goodwill.
- distribution noun the action of sharing something out among a number of recipients : the government donated 4,000 pounds of coffee for distribution among refugees.
- roaming verb [ intrans. ]move about or travel aimlessly or unsystematically, esp. over a wide area : tigers once roamed over most of Asia | [as adj. ] ( roaming) roaming elephants.
- Celtic adjective of or relating to the Celts or their languages, which constitute a branch of the Indo-European family and include Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Breton, Manx, Cornish, and several extinct pre-Roman languages such as Gaulish.
- ghosts noun an apparition of a dead person that is believed to appear or become manifest to the living, typically as a nebulous image : the building is haunted by the ghost of a monk |
- appease verb [ trans. ] pacify or placate (someone) by acceding to their demands : amendments have been added to appease local pressure groups. See note at pacify.
- superstition noun excessively credulous belief in and reverence for supernatural beings : he dismissed the ghost stories as mere superstition.
- malevolent adjective having or showing a wish to do evil to others : the glint of dark, malevolent eyes | some malevolent force of nature.
- detection noun the action or process of identifying the presence of something concealed : the early detection of fetal abnormalities.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
I – 1 – was
In the late 1800s, there was a move in America to mold Halloween into a holiday.
II – 1 – had
By the 1920s Halloween had become a secular, but community-centered holiday.
III – 1- A
A new American tradition was born, and it has continued to grow.
Questions for Comprehension True / False
- T- The American Halloween tradition of “trick-or-treating” probably dates back to the early All Souls’ Day parades during the 1800s.
- T Poor people would beg for food and families would give them pastries.
- F The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Catholic roots.
- T People were afraid of the dark, and food supplies were often scarce hundreds of years ago.
- F- The distribution of soul cakes a practice was known as going a- singing.
- F On Halloween, to keep ghosts away from their houses, people would place a bundle of clothes outside their homes.
- F On Halloween it was believed that people would encounter ghosts if they visited cemeteries.
- T To avoid being recognized by ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits.
- T Today’s Halloween ghosts are often depicted as more fearsome and malevolent.
- F We avoid crossing paths with black cats, because we are afraid that they might be our dead relatives.
IV. Listening Activity
1.The Merchant House Museum is located in___
c. New York City
2.The Merchant house was built in_____
3.The Treadwell Family lived in the house for
a. 100 years
4.The youngest daughter was named
5.Gertrude was born in the year
6.Gertrude was ___
c. never married
7.The Merchant House exhibition has_____
b. a funeral scene
8.The Tredwells were
9.Everything on display in the Museum
b. was actually used by the Treadwell family
10.A big cooking staple back then was___