Lesson: 2014: Erase Unwanted Memories
II. While Reading Activities
- zapped |zap| informal- verb ( zaps, zapping , zapped )-destroy or obliterate: zap the enemy’s artillery before it can damage your core units
- ambitious |amˈbiSHəs|-adjective-having or showing a strong desire and determination to succeed: his mother was hard-working and ambitious for her four children.
- estranged |iˈstrānjd|-adjective-(of a wife or husband) no longer living with their spouse.
- tinkered-|ˈtiNGkər|-verb [ no obj. ]-attempt to repair or improve something in a casual or desultory way, often to no useful effect: he spent hours tinkering with the car.
- phobia |ˈfōbēə|-noun-an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something: he had a phobia about being under water | a phobia of germs | a snake phobia.
- altered |ˈôltər|-verb-change or cause to change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant way: [ with obj. ] : Eliot was persuaded to alter the passage
- disrupt |disˈrəpt|-verb [ with obj. ]-interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem: a rail strike that could disrupt both passenger and freight service.
- relaxant |rəˈlaksənt|-noun-a drug used to promote relaxation or reduce tension: a muscle relaxant.
- triggering |ˈtrigər|-verb [ with obj. ]cause (an event or situation) to happen or exist: an allergy can be triggered by stress or overwork.
- randomly |ˈrandəm|-adjective-made, done, happening, or chosen without method or conscious decision: a random sample of 100 households.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
- NA This process can work on children who have had bad experiences.
- F- In an experiment, patients were first shown a troubling story, a week later they were reminded about it and given electroconvulsive therapy.
- F- The experiment recalls the plot of the movie Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind.
- T- The hope is that one day it may be possible to eliminate a person’s unwanted memories linked to smoking, drug-taking or emotional trauma.
- NA-All countries are doing research on this project.
- F- Before this, scientists used to think that once a memory took hold in the brain, it was permanently stored and couldn’t be altered.
- T- One experiment involved 39 patients who were undergoing electroconvulsive therapy for severe depression.
- T- In ECT treatment, patients get a muscle relaxant and an electrical current is passed to part of their brains, triggering a brief seizure.
- F- A lot more work needs to be done. It isn’t clear whether the memory erasure is temporary or permanent.
- NA People will have to pay fee for this treatment.
Structure and Usage
I-2-In an experiment, patients were first shown a troubling story.
II-3-About a decade ago, scientists made a surprising discovery.
III. 1–Their test subjects were 39 patients undergoing therapy.
IV. Listening Activity
Video Clip: Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind
Sentence Fill-ins -Multiple Choice
- b. Clementine
- a. How far you going?
- b. Do you ever shop at Barnes and Nobles?
- c. he would have remembered her
- c. her hair color changes a lot.
- a. hair colors
- b. her name
- c. Clementine
- a. merciful
- c. Clementine