Answer Key: E.P.A. To Reduce Animal Testing

Lesson Plan:  EPA Finding Alternatives to Animal Testing

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. *E.P.A.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection
  2. cutting edge |ˈˌkədiNG ˈˌej|  [in singular] the latest or most advanced stage in the development of something: researchers at the cutting edge of molecular biology.
  3. memo  |ˈmemō| noun (plural memos) informal; a written message, especially in business.
  4. breakdown |ˈbrākˌdoun| noun • an explanatory analysis, especially of statistics: a detailed cost breakdown.
  5. morality  |məˈralədē| noun (plural moralities) principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behavior.
  6. efficient |əˈfiSHənt| adjective(especially of a system or machine) achieving maximum productivity with minimum wasted effort or expense: fluorescent lamps are efficient at converting electricity into light.
  7. hone |hōn| verb [with object] refine or perfect (something) over a period of time: she has taken numerous workshops to hone her skills over the years.
  8. gauge  |ɡāj| verb [with object]  estimate or determine the magnitude, amount, or volume of: astronomers can gauge the star’s intrinsic brightness.
  9. cutback |ˈkətˌbak| noun  an act or instance of reducing something, typically expenditures: cutbacks in defense spending.
  10. innovation  |ˌinəˈvāSH(ə)n| noun the action or process of innovating.  a new method, idea, product, etc.: technological innovations designed to save energy.

Sources: New Oxford American Dictionary  — *Wikipedia

 Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage

I – 2-ways

They are developing alternate ways of testing chemicals.

II – 1-helps

Animal testing helps manufacturers.

III – 3-to

The F.D.A. still uses animal testing to a certain extent.


Reading Comprehension

True /False/NA-Statements

  1. F- According to the article, the E.P.A. aims to reduce the amount of studies that involve mammal testing.
  2. T- This is the first time a government agency has made such a commitment.
  3. F-Tracey Woodruff is  a professor at the University of California.
  4. F-This decision was criticized by environmentalists and researchers.
  5. F- The agency said it would also invest $4.25 million in developing alternate ways of testing chemicals that do not involve animals.
  6. T -Andrew Wheeler is the E.P.A. Administrator.
  7. NA  – Many zoos will benefit from this decision.
  8. T – The E.P.A. has for decades required testing on a variety of animals — including rats, dogs, birds and fish.
  9. F – Animal testing helps manufacturers prove to the E.P.A. that their chemicals meet federal safety standards.
  10. T – The F.D.A. has been experimenting with alternatives to animal testing for several years.

Who Said That?

Identifying  Speakers from the Article

  1. Tracey Woodruff, a professor at the University of California, San Francisco’s school of medicine.
  2. Tara Rabin, an F.D.A. spokeswoman.
  3. Kitty Block, the president and chief executive of the Humane Society of the United States.
  4. Andrew Wheeler the E.P.A. Administrator.
  5. Kathleen Conlee, the vice president of animal research issues at the Humane Society.