Answer Key: Do You Want to Be a Vaccine Volunteer?

Lesson Plan: Would You Volunteer for the Covid-19 VaccineTrial Tests?

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. * altruist  [ al-troo-ist ] noun. a person unselfishly concerned for or devoted to the welfare of others (opposed to egoist).
  2. vaccine  |vakˈsēn| noun Medicine a substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease, its products, or a synthetic substitute, treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease: there is no vaccine against HIV infection.
  3. volunteer  |ˌvälənˈtir| noun  a person who freely offers to take part in an enterprise or undertake a task.
  4. entail  verb |inˈtālenˈtāl| [with object]  involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence: a situation that entails considerable risks.
  5. monitor  |ˈmänədər| verb [with object]  observe and check the progress or quality of (something) over a period of time; keep under systematic review: equipment was installed to monitor air quality.
  6. trial |ˈtrī(ə)l| noun 2 a test of the performance, qualities, or suitability of someone or something: clinical trials must establish whether the new hip replacements are working.
  7. experimental |ikˌsperəˈmen(t)l| adjective  (of a new invention or product) based on untested ideas or techniques and not yet established or finalized: an experimental drug.
  8. immune |iˈmyo͞on| adjective resistant to a particular infection or toxin owing to the presence of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells: they were naturally immune to hepatitis B.
  9. sufficient |səˈfiSHənt| adjective & det. enough; adequate: [as adjective] : a small income that was sufficient for her needs | [as determiner] : they had sufficient resources to survive.
  10. placebo |pləˈsēbō| noun (plural placebos) a substance that has no therapeutic effect, used as a control in testing new drugs.


New Oxford American Dictionary


 Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage

I -1-sites

A number of sites maintain lists of coronavirus vaccine trials.

II – 3-trial

Only a Phase three trial allows researchers to study if their vaccine works.

III – 2- is

The approach is controversial because Covid-19 has no cure and can be fatal.

Reading Comprehension

Identify The  Speakers

  1. Dr. Nir Eyal, the director of the Center for Population-Level Bioethics at the Rutgers School of Public Health. “There’s no guarantee that you’ll actually be protected from the coronavirus at any phase of a vaccine trial, no matter how hyped the product has been.”
  2. Dr. Daniel Hoft, director of the Saint Louis University Center for Vaccine Development.Organizers try to avoid creating a financial incentive. So even if they could pay much more, they don’t.”
  3. Dr. Michael Mina, an immunologist at Harvard University.  “It may be possible to get the coronavirus again, but it’s highly unlikely that it would be possible in a short window of time from initial infection or make people sicker the second time.”
  4. Arthur L. Caplan, a bioethicist. “If the money seems extraordinarily attractive to you, think again… You don’t want to let compensation blind you to the need to pay attention to the risks.”