Answer Key: Depression in Kids

Lesson Plan: Recognizing Depression in Kids

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. stress  |stres|  noun 2 a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances: he’s obviously under a lot of stress | [in combination] : stress-related illnesses.
  2. isolation |ˌīsəˈlāSH(ə)n| noun the process or fact of isolating or being isolated: the isolation of older people.
  3. suicidal  |ˌso͞oəˈsīdl| adjective deeply unhappy or depressed and likely to commit suicide: far from being suicidal, he was clearly enjoying life.
  4. depression |dəˈpreSH(ə)n| noun 1 feelings of severe despondency and dejection: self-doubt creeps in and that swiftly turns to depression.
  5. anxiety |aNGˈzīədē| noun (plural anxieties)  a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome: he felt a surge of anxiety |
  6. adolescence |ˌadəˈlesəns| noun the period following the onset of puberty during which a young person develops from a child into an adult.
  7. cranky ˈkraNGkē| adjective (crankier, crankiest) informal chiefly North American ill-tempered; irritable: he was bored and cranky after eight hours of working.
  8. significant  |siɡˈnifikənt| adjective 1 sufficiently great or important to be worthy of attention; noteworthy: a significant increase in sales.
  9. ritual |ˈriCH(o͞o)əl| noun a series of actions or type of behavior regularly and invariably followed by someone: her visits to Joy became a ritual.
  10. tantrum |ˈtantrəm| noun an uncontrolled outburst of anger and frustration, typically in a young child: he has temper tantrums if he can’t get his own way.


Source: New Oxford American Dictionary

II. While Reading Activities

Grammar Focus: Identifying Prepositions

Directions: The following sentences are from the news article.For each sentence identify the prepositions.

We tend to think of childhood as a time of innocence and joy.

When parents bring their children in for medical care these days, there is no such thing as a casual, “Hey, how’s it going?”

We doctors walk into every exam room prepared to hear a story of sadness.

It can be hard to think about depression in younger children because we picture childhood as a time of innocence and joy.

What does depression look like in younger children?

The best way for parents to recognize depression in young children is not so much by what a child says as by what the child does — or stops doing.


Identify The  Speakers

  1. Rachel Busman, a clinical psychologist at the Child Mind Institute in New York City: “…it can be hard to think about depression in younger children because we picture childhood as a time of innocence and joy.”
  2. Dr. Helen Egger, the chair of child and adolescent psychiatry at N.Y.U. Langone Health: “…according to epidemiologic research, between 1 and 2 percent of young children — as young as 3 — are depressed.”
  3. Maria Kovacs, professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine: “… in the 1950s and ’60s, there were child psychiatrists who believed that children did not have sufficient ego development to feel depression.”
  4. Jonathan Comer, professor of psychology and psychiatry at Florida International University: “In serious forms it snowballs with time, and earlier onset is associated with worse outcomes across the life span.”