Answer Key: Can 4-year-olds run errands alone?

Lesson Plan: Should 4-Year-Olds  Be Allowed to Run Errands Alone?

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. perch  |pərCH| verb [no object] (of a person) sit somewhere, especially on something high or narrow: Eve perched on the side of the armchair.
  2. nauseous |ˈnôSHəsˈnôzēəs| adjective affected with nausea; inclined to vomit: a rancid, cloying odor that made him nauseous.
  3. coax  |kōks| verb [with object] persuade (someone) gradually or by flattery to do something: the trainees were coaxed into doing hard, boring work | “Come on now,” I coaxed.
  4. flimsy  |ˈflimzē| adjective (flimsier, flimsiest)  (of a pretext or account) weak and unconvincing: a pretty flimsy excuse.
  5. autonomy |ôˈtänəmē| noun (plural autonomies) • freedom from external control or influence; independence: economic autonomy is still a long way off for many women.
  6. escapade |ˈeskəˌpād| noun an act or incident involving excitement, daring, or adventure.
  7. daredevil |ˈderˌdevəl| noun a reckless person who enjoys doing dangerous things.
  8. reality show noun a television program in which ordinary people are continuously filmed, designed to be entertaining rather than informative: a reality show following young people who are trying to become professional athletes.
  9. tyke  |tīk| (also tike) noun 1 [usually with adjective] informal a small child: is the little tyke up to his tricks again?
  10. *Laugh Track  noun A laugh track is a separate soundtrack for a recorded comedy show containing the sound of audience laughter. In some productions, the laughter is a live audience response instead; in the United States, where it is most commonly used, the term usually implies artificial laughter made to be inserted into the show.


New Oxford American Dictionary


Grammar Focus: Word -Recognition

Autonomy has oodles of benefits for kids of all ages. Studies have linked  autonomy to long-term motivation, independence, confidence and better executive function. As a child gets older, autonomy is associated  with better performance in school and a decreased risk of drug and alcohol abuse.

Reading Comprehension: Identify The  Speakers

  1. David Lancy, anthropologist. Learning to run errands has huge benefits to kids All around the world, little kids, even as young as ages 3 or 4, run errands for their parents. In fact, if you look across cultures, not running errands is an oddity.”
  2. Katrin a reader from Germany. kids in many parts of Europe walk to school and make trips to the grocery store alone.
  3. Alyssa Crittenden, anthropologist, describing her research with the Hadza community.   “Even youngsters who are still walking very unsteadily on their feet are conscripted [asked] by adults to hand knives, beads and food to other nearby adults.”
  4. Carolina Izquierdo and Elinor Ochs, anthropologists. In a study published in 2009,  they described  a 6-year-old girl in Peru who volunteers to join Izquierdo and another family on a five-day journey down river to fish and gather leaves.
  5. Dorsa Amir behavioral scientist at the University of California, Berkeley. “Autonomous play has been a really important part of child development throughout human evolutionary history. And actually, it was a feature of American society until relatively recently as well.”
  6. William Stixrud, neuropsychologist and Ned Johnson, educator. They write in their book  The Self-Driven Child: “…when children don’t have enough autonomy, they can feel powerless over their lives…Over time, that feeling can cause stress and anxiety. In fact,  lack of autonomy is likely a major reason for the high rates of anxiety and depression among American children and teenagers. Autonomy provides the antidote to this stress.”
  7. Holly Schiffrin, psychologist wrote in the Journal of Child and Family Studies. “The biggest gift parents can give their children is the opportunity to make their own decisions.”
  8. Kim Brooks, nonfiction author, wrote in a 2018 essay for The New York Times about fear in American parenting. “We now live in a country where it is seen as abnormal, or even criminal, to allow children to be away from direct adult supervision, even for a second.”
  9. Jessica McCrory Calarco,  a sociology professor at the Indiana University. “What counts as ‘free-range parenting’ and what counts as ‘neglect’ are in the eye of the beholder — and race and class often figure heavily into such distinctions.”