II. While Reading Tasks
- advantage |ədˈvantij| noun-a condition or circumstance that puts one in a favorable or superior position: companies with a computerized database are at an advantage.
- collaboration |kəˌlabəˈrāSHən| noun- the action of working with someone to produce or create something: he wrote on art and architecture in collaboration with John Betjeman.
- linguistic |liNGˈgwistik| adjective- of or relating to language or linguistics (pl.noun [ treated as sing. ]the scientific study of language and its structure.
- monolingual |ˌmänəˈliNGg(yə)wəl| –adjective(of a person or society) speaking only one language: monolingual families.
- intuitive |inˈt(y)o͞oitiv| adjective-using or based on what one feels to be true even without conscious reasoning; instinctive: I had an intuitive conviction that there was something unsound in him.
- utterance |ˈətərəns| noun -a spoken word, statement, or vocal sound.
- convey |kənˈvā| verb [ with obj. ]communicate (a message or information): Mr. Harvey and his daughter have asked me to convey their very kind regards.
- multilingual |ˌməltēˈliNGg(yə)wəl, ˌməltī-| adjective-in or using several languages: a multilingual dictionary.
- expose |ikˈspōz| verb [ with obj. ](expose someone to) introduce someone to (a subject or area of knowledge): students were exposed to probability and statistics in high school.
- cognitive |ˈkägnətiv| adjective-of or relating to cognition [|ˌkägˈniSHən| noun- the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage
One study was from a developmental psychology lab.
In the experiment Children could see all three cars.
They were just as talented as the bilingual children.
Interestingly, we also found that children who were effectively monolingual yet regularly exposed to another language — for example, those who had grandparents who spoke another language — were just as talented as the bilingual children at this task. It seems that being raised in an environment in which multiple languages are spoken, rather than being bilingual per se, is the driving factor.
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