Answer Key: Beware of ‘Deepfakes’

Lesson Plan: Beware of Deepfakes: Digital Impersonations That Can Deceive Us

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

  1. indistinguishable  |ˌindəˈstinɡwəSHəb(ə)l| adjective not able to be identified as different or distinct: the counterfeit bills were virtually indistinguishable from the real thing.
  2. impersonator |imˈpərsnˌādər| noun-a person who pretends to be someone else for entertainment or fraud: a well-known Elvis impersonator.
  3. genealogy |ˌjēnēˈäləjēˌjēnēˈaləjē| noun (plural genealogies)  a line of descent traced continuously from an ancestor: combing through the birth records and genealogies.
  4. animate verb |ˈanəˌmāt| [with object] (usually be animated) give (a movie or character) the appearance of movement using animation techniques.
  5. nostalgia |näˈstaljənəˈstaljə| noun a sentimental longing or wistful affection for the past, typically for a period or place with happy personal associations: I was overcome with acute nostalgia for my days in college.
  6. synthetic |sinˈTHedik| adjective  (of an emotion or action) not genuine; insincere: their tears are a bit synthetic.
  7. innocuous  |iˈnäkyo͞oəs| adjective not harmful or offensive: it was an innocuous question.
  8. ethical |ˈeTHək(ə)l| adjective relating to moral principles or the branch of knowledge dealing with these: ethical issues in nursing | ethical churchgoing men.
  9. feat |fēt| noun an achievement that requires great courage, skill, or strength: the new printing presses were considerable feats of engineering.
  10. expertise |ˌekspərˈtēzˌekspərˈtēs| noun expert skill or knowledge in a particular field: technical expertise.  

Source: New Oxford American Dictionary

 Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage

I – 1 – images

More than 26 million images have been animated.

II – 2- see

Most of what you see in the videos is the body and voice of Miles Fisher.

III – 1 – video

A nongovernmental organization created a video of a Mexican journalist.

While Reading: Identify The  Speakers

  1. Sam Gregory, the program director of Witness, a nonprofit organization focused on the ethical use of video, and an expert on artificial intelligence. “Although Deep Nostalgia itself is innocuous, it’s part of this set of tools that are potentially very threatening.”
  2. Chris Ume, the visual effects artist in Belgium who created the videos  of Mr. Cruise. “The digital imitation of Mr. Cruise was no easy feat. they required extensive expertise and time…It’s like a small Hollywood studio with the two of us. It’s not something you can do at a home computer, pressing a button.”
  3. Robert Chesney and Danielle Citron, law professors.”The technology could also have a destabilizing effect on global affairs, as politicians claim that videos, including genuine ones, are fake in order to gain an advantage that they have called “the liar’s dividend.”
  4. Henry Ajder, a deepfakes researcher. “Imagine a future in which our own voices could be used with assistants like Amazon’s Alexa, allowing us to stay connected with loved ones after our deaths…In what cases do we need consent of the deceased to resurrect them?”