II. While Reading Activities
- asylum |əˈsīləm| noun-1 (also political asylum) the protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a political refugee: she applied for asylum and was granted refugee status.
- trekked |trek| verb (treks, trekking, trekked) [no object] go on a long arduous journey, typically on foot: we trekked through the jungle.
- angle |ˈaNGɡəl verb [no object]• seek something desired by indirectly prompting someone to offer it: Ralph had begun to angle for an invitation | [with infinitive] : her husband was angling to get into the Cabinet.
- incarceration |inˌkärsəˈrāSH(ə)n| noun-the state of being confined in prison; imprisonment: the public would not be served by her incarceration.
- traumatize |ˈtrouməˌtīzˈtrôməˌtīz| verb [with object] subject to lasting shock as a result of an emotionally disturbing experience or physical injury: the children were traumatized by separation from their families.
- detention |dəˈten(t)SH(ə)n| noun-the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody, especially as a political prisoner: one of the effects of police detention is isolation from friends and family.
- protection |prəˈtekSH(ə)n| noun-(usually protections) a legal or other formal measure intended to preserve civil liberties and rights.
- scrutiny|ˈskro͞otnē| noun (plural scrutinies) critical observation or examination: every aspect of local government was placed under scrutiny.
- sponsor|ˈspänsər| noun-a person taking official responsibility for the actions of another: they act as informants, sponsors, and contacts for new immigrants.
- advocate noun |ˈadvəkət| a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy: he was an untiring advocate of economic reform.
Source: New Oxford American Dictionary
Reading Comprehension: True /False/NA-Statements
- F-Wilmer Ramirez was from Guatemala.
- F- He spent several months in a youth migrant shelter in Arizona.
- T- A family in Pennsylvania had agreed to sponsor him.
- T- -When Ramirez turned 18, he was placed in a nearby jail.
- F- He hadn’t done anything wrong. The officials were just following the rules.
- F- Approximately 1,000 18-year-olds were sent to such detentions in 2017.
- T- According to the article, the number of migrant children who face jail as they ‘age out’ of youth shelters is climbing.
- NA-Ramirez attended college in Boston MA.
- T- The threat of trafficking is real, and protections are needed to guard against it.
- T-More than 200,000 migrant children have entered the United States in the past six years.
Grammar Focus: Word -Recognition
Stricter requirements have succeeded in scaring off prospective sponsors, many of whom are undocumented themselves or who have undocumented relatives. But their fear does not necessarily speak to their fitness as guardians.
There are other options, in any case: Immigration advocates, including Mr. Ramirez’s lawyers, have proposed releasing teenagers like Mr. Ramirez to sponsors, with ankle monitors if need be, or to group homes or shelters for young adults.