Tag Archives: Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela: “A Giant Among Men”

Since the death of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, the tributes from global leaders have reflected sentiments that go beyond race, religion, and political boundaries. President Barack Obama of the United States: “We have lost one of the most influential, courageous, and profoundly good human beings that any of us will share time with on this earth. “He no longer belongs to us — he belongs to the ages.” Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India referred to Nelson Mandela as  “A giant among men”, Prime Minister David Cameron in London declared: “A great light has gone out in the world.” President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia said Mr. Mandela was “committed to the end of his days to the ideals of humanism and justice. ”  We will miss him…

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post with Answer key.

An Icon...Photo- ABCNews

An Icon…Photo- ABCNews

Excerpt: Mandela’s Death Stirs Sense of Loss Around the World By L.Polgreen/A. Cowell NYT.

“…In the government’s first announcement of a schedule for ceremonies that are likely to draw vast numbers of world dignitaries and less exalted mourners, President Jacob Zuma said on Friday that the former president’s body would lie in state from Dec. 11 to 13 after a memorial at a huge World Cup soccer stadium in Soweto on Dec. 10. He will be buried in his childhood village, Qunu, in the Eastern Cape region, on Dec. 15 after a state funeral, Mr. Zuma said.

People of all races gathered at the late South African president's home. NYT

People of all races gathered at the late South African president’s home. NYT

At a service in Cape Town, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, himself a towering figure in the struggle against apartheid that defined much of  Mr. Mandela’s life, expressed the hopes and fears of many of his compatriots when he told congregants at St. George’s Anglican Cathedral early on Friday: Let us give him the gift of a South Africa united, one.

Schoolchildren held a prayer ceremony in Ahmedabad, India. Amit Dave:Reuters.

Schoolchildren held a prayer ceremony in Ahmedabad, India. Amit Dave:Reuters.

As flags flew at half-staff across South Africa, a sense of loss, blended with memories of inspiration, spread from President Obama in Washington to members of the British royal family and on to those who saw Mr. Mandela as an exemplar of a broader struggle.

 

As public figures competed for superlatives to describe Mr. Mandela, Prime Minister David Cameron declared in London: “A great light has gone out in the world.” Pope Francis praised “the steadfast commitment shown by Nelson Mandela in promoting the human dignity of all the nation’s citizens and in forging a new South Africa.

Early commuters stood in silence next to a statue of Mr. Mandela in London's Parliament Square. Alastair Grant:AP.

Early commuters stood in silence next to a statue of Mr. Mandela in London’s Parliament Square. Alastair Grant:AP.

People came together in a way that seems increasingly rare in a nation where the everyday worries of a struggling economy, incessant allegations of government corruption and a sinking sense that a nation born two decades ago into such promise is slipping into despair.

Prince William, the second in line to the British throne, spoke to reporters after attending the premiere of a movie about Mr. Mandela on Thursday, calling him an extraordinary and inspiring man.

In Kenya, the front pages of Friday's newspapers honored Mr. Mandela.   Simon Maina:Agence France-Presse.



In Kenya, the front pages of Friday’s newspapers honored Mr. Mandela. Simon Maina:Agence France-Presse.

The tumult of tributes to Mr. Mandela reflected both his ability after his release from prison in 1990 to reach out to people to forge bonds around the world, and the way in which many leaders and public figures sought him out. His state funeral in coming days is expected to draw a vast array of world leaders. His passion for freedom and justice created new hope for generations of oppressed people worldwide, said former President Jimmy Carter.

Two Indonesian men in Central Java paid tribute.Mohammad Ali:European Pressphoto Agency.

Two Indonesian men in Central Java paid tribute.Mohammad Ali:European Pressphoto Agency.

A man offered candles at a mural of Mr. Mandela in New York City. Shannon Stapleton:Reuters.

A man offered candles at a mural of Mr. Mandela in New York City. Shannon Stapleton:Reuters.

He taught us forgiveness on a grand scale,” the former heavyweight champion boxer Muhammad Ali said in a statement. His was a spirit born free, destined to soar above the rainbows. Today his spirit is soaring through the heavens. He is now forever free.” Read more…

“Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.” 

~ Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela~ (July 18, 1918-December 5, 2013)

The world has lost a true Hero…Rest in Peace Mandela
Thank you…ESL Voices
Flowers

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post

Level: Intermediate -Advanced

Language Skills: Reading, writing, speaking and listening. Vocabulary and grammar activities are included.

Time: Approximately 2 hours.

Materials: Student handouts (from this lesson) access to news article, and video.

Objective: Students will read the article with a focus on improving reading comprehension and learning new vocabulary. At the end of the lesson students will express their personal views on the topic through discussions, and writing.

I. Pre-Reading Activities

 Predictions

Analyzing headings and photos

Directions:  Ask students to read the titles of the post and of the actual article.  Then, have them  examine the photos. Based on these sources,  ask students to create a list of  words and  ideas  that they think might be related to this article.

KWL Chart

Directions: Have students use this KWL from  Michigan State University to list the information they already know about Nelson Mandela, and information they would like to learn about Mandela.  Later in the Post- Reading segment of the lesson, students can fill in what they’ve learned about the topic.Advanced K-W-L chart.Intervention for Reading copy

 

II. While Reading Activities

Vocabulary

Word Inference

Directions: Students are to infer the meanings of the words in bold taken from the article. They may use a dictionary, thesaurus, and Word Chart by Education Oasis for assistance.

  1. Mr. Rosen is a 40-year-old urban farmer.
  2. There will be vast numbers of world dignitaries and less exalted mourners.
  3.  Archbishop Desmond Tutu is  a towering figure in the struggle against apartheid.
  4. Mr. Mandela’s life, expressed the hopes and fears of many of his compatriots.
  5. As flags flew at half-staff across South Africa, a sense of loss, blended with memories of inspiration spread.
  6. Archbishop Tutu asked rhetorically whether Mr. Mandela was “the exception to prove the rule.”
  7. People came together in a nation where there is a struggling economy and incessant allegations of government corruption.
  8. Britons claim a bond and supported South Africa’s struggle against apartheid but it was a sometimes an ambivalent relationship.
  9. The tumult of tributes to Mr. Mandela reflected his ability to reach out to people.
  10. His passion for freedom and justice created new hope for generations of oppressed people worldwide.

 Word Chart By Education Oasis

Reading Comprehension

True /False/NA-Statements

Directions: Review the following statements from the reading. If a statement is true they mark it T. If the statement is  not applicable, they mark it NA. If the statement is false they mark it F and provide the correct answer.

  1. Nelson Mandela was the former President of Ghana and known for his life long struggle against Apartheid.
  2. Mr. Rosen, a 40-year-old urban farmer chose a rose to represent Nelson Mandela.
  3.  Jacob Zuma is the current president of South Africa.
  4. Mr. Mandela’s body will  lie in state from Dec. 11 to 13 after a memorial in Nigeria.
  5. Memories of inspiration came from leaders from all over the world.
  6. The Spanish authorities bathed the Eiffel Tower in green, red, yellow and blue lights — the colors of the South African flag.
  7. In China, the government refrained from making comments about Mandela.
  8. Mr. Mandela was closely linked with sports,  and was a supporter of  South Africa’s national Springbok rugby team that triumphed in the 1995 World Cup.
  9. Mr. Mandela has nine children.
  10. In South Africa, only Africans gathered at Mr. Mandela’s home upon hearing of his death.

 Grammar Focus 

Structure and Usage

Directions: The following groups of sentences are from the article. One of the sentences in each group contains a grammatical  error. Students are to identify the sentence (1, 2, or 3 ) from each group that contains the grammatical error.

I

  1. Cliff Rosen heard that Nelson Mandela had died.
  2. He went out to the sunflowers growing in his garden.
  3. Rosen cut down a tallest one.

II

  1. A special flowers for a special man.
  2. Flags flew at half-staff across South Africa.
  3. Public figures competed for superlatives to describe Mr. Mandela.

III

  1. People came together in a way that seems increasingly rare.
  2. The tumult of tributes to Mr. Mandela reflected his ability to reach out to people.
  3. Mr. Mandela was closely linking with sports.

 

III. Post Reading Tasks

Reading Comprehension Check

WH-How Questions

Directions: Have students use the  WH-question format to discuss or to write the main points from the article.

Who or What is the article about?

Where does the action/event take place?

When does the action/event take place?

Why did the action/event occur?

How did the action/event occur?

 KWL Chart

Directions:  Have students  fill in the last column of the KWL chart if they used one in the pre-reading segment of this lesson.

Discussion/Writing Exercise

Directions: Place students in groups and have them answer the following questions. Afterwards, have the groups share their thoughts as a class. To reinforce the ideas, students can write an essay on one of the following discussion topics.

  1. Archbishop Desmond Tutu made the following statement in relation to what people can do (or not) in the fight for justice: “If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor. If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality.”  Explain the meaning of this statement.
  2. In your opinion, how difficult is it to fight for justice and freedom? Do you think there are many sacrifices involved? For example Nelson Mandela served approximately 18 years in the prison on Robben Island for his beliefs.  Provide examples for your answers.
  3. In the United States Constitution, the Bill of Rights list specific freedoms granted to the U.S. people. With your group choose 2 or 3 of the ones that  you think are the most important. Provide reasons for your choices.
  4. What would happen in a country where the people did not demand justice? Is there such a country in existence today?
  5. Mandela made the following comments. Choose 2 of them and provide examples of  their meaning. (From Inspirational Quotes by Mandela, Forbes)
  •  Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
  • “Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.”
  • “Money won’t create success, the freedom to make it will.”
  • “Real leaders must be ready to sacrifice all for the freedom of their people.”
  • “A fundamental concern for others in our individual and community lives would go a long way in making the world the better place we so passionately dreamt of.”

  IV. Listening Activity   

Video ClipTribute To Mandela By President Barack Obama

While-Listening Activity
Sentence Fill-ins -Multiple Choice

Directions: Students listen for the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences taken from the statements made by President Obama. They are to choose from the options presented in the list.

Nelson Mandela ___more than could be expected of any man. He no longer ___to us he belongs to the ages. He ___his own ___for the freedom of others. His journey from a___ to a president ___the promise that human beings and ___can change for the better.
His commitment to transfer power, to___with those who ___him, set an example that all ___should aspire to whether in the lives of nations or our own personal lives. The fact that he did it all with ___and good humor and the ability to ___his own ___only makes the man that much more remarkable. Mandela said “I’m not a saint unless you think of a saint as a sinner who keeps on trying.” One of the first things I ever did that involved an issue or policy of politics was to ___against apartheid. We should ___for a future that is worthy of his sacrifice.

Word List:
humanity, prison, sacrificed, jailed, strive, reconcile, grace, achieved, embodied, belongs, countries, protest, imperfections, acknowledge, freedom,

Link to video

Questions for Discussion

Directions:Place students in groups and have them discuss the following questions.

1. After listening to this video has your personal idea of Nelson Mandela changed in any way?   If yes, describe in what way.  If no, describe your original opinion.

2.  With your group members, make up questions that you would like to ask Nelson Mandela if you had the opportunity.

ANSWER KEY: Mandela’s Death

Category: Education | Tags: ,

Nelson Mandela Showed Us “What is Possible”

In Johannesburg, South Africa, many people (both black and white) are gathered near the hospital where  the former South African President and activist Nelson Mandela lie in critical condition. Mandela is known as the “heart” of the eradication of the apartheid movement and we celebrate his life and his philosophy. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle are  visiting South Africa.

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post with Answer Key.

Hero- Nelson Mandela photo credit- Imgfave.

Hero- Nelson Mandela photo credit- Imgfave.

Excerpt: Obama Meets With Mandela Family as Vigil Continues By Michael D. Shear, The New York Times

“President Obama decided against a personal visit with Nelson Mandela, the ailing 94-year-old former president of South Africa, delivering his respects in a private meeting Saturday with Mandela’s family even as South Africans gathered at the former president’s home to express their emotional bond him.

Nelson Mandella 1961. Photo- Retronaut.

Nelson Mandella 1961. Photo- Retronaut.

The presidential limousine slipped past a gate at the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory Saturday afternoon, leaving the media behind as Mr. Obama, accompanied by the first lady Michelle, met for about 25 minutes with Mr. Mandela’s relatives before heading to a town-hall meeting with students in Soweto. In statement after the meeting, Mr. Obama said he had also spoken by phone with Graça Machel, Mr. Mandela’s wife, who remained by his bedside.

I expressed my hope that Madiba draws peace and comfort from the time that he is spending with loved ones, Mr. Obama said. I also reaffirmed the profound impact that his legacy has had in building a free South Africa, and in inspiring people around the world — including me. That’s a legacy that we must all honor in our own lives.

A steady stream of mostly white well-wishers gathered outside that home Saturday, leaving flowers or inscriptions on small colored rocks clustered under trees outside the closed gates. One note, left under a tree and address to Madiba,” Mr. Mandela’s clan name, said: Madiba, We drove across town without having to get permission. We live where we can, not where we are told to. All because of you and other heroes. Thank you, Lucien, Joelene, Ava and Luke…

Nelson Mandela enjoying his 89th birthday  at the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund in Johannesburg. Photo- Denis Farrell:AP.

Nelson Mandela enjoying his 89th birthday at the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund in Johannesburg. Photo- Denis Farrell:AP.

White House officials said the decision not to bring the American president and his entourage to Mr. Mandela’s bedside at a hospital in Pretoria was made “out of deference to Nelson Mandela’s peace and comfort and the family’s wishes.” The White House had originally hoped to spotlight the two men together, offering a generational tableau of the first black leaders in both countries. Mr. Obama said as he flew to South Africa on Friday that he does not need “a photo-op” while he is in the country…

Barack Obama and Nelson Mandela met in person in 2005. Photo David Katz. NYT

Barack Obama and Nelson Mandela met in person in 2005. Photo David Katz. NYT

“Nelson Mandela showed what is possible and the people of South Africa have shown what’s possible when a priority is placed on constitutions and rule of law and respect for human dignity and that all people are treated equal, Mr. Obama said.” Read more…

Statue of Liberty in New York City. Photo credit-Allsparkfireworks.

Statue of Liberty in New York City. Photo credit-Allsparkfireworks.

To All of Our Readers: A Glorious 4th of July!~ESL Voices~

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post

Level: Intermediate -Advanced

Language Skills: Reading, writing, speaking, listening, vocabulary, and grammar activities are included.
Time: Approximately 2 hours.

Materials: Student handouts (from this lesson) access to news article, and video.

Objective: Students will read the article with a focus on improving reading comprehension and learning new vocabulary. At the end of the lesson students will express their personal views on Nelson Mandela  through discussions, and writing.

I. Pre-Reading Activities

Stimulating background knowledge

Brainstorming

Directions: Place students in groups, ask students to think about what they already know about  Nelson Mandela.  Next, have students look at the picture(s)  from the post and generate ideas or words that may be connected to the article. Debrief as a class and list these ideas on the board.  Try this great brainstorming chart by Kootation.com to assist students.

Great Brainstorming chart from Kootation.com

 

II. While Reading Activities

Vocabulary

Word Inference

Directions: Students are to infer the meanings of the words in bold taken from the article. They may use a dictionary or thesaurus for assistance. Have the students write sentences using each word. They  will find this Word Map by Education Oasis useful.

 Word Chart By Education Oasis

Sentences

  1. Nelson Mandela, the ailing 94-year-old is the  former president of South Africa.
  2. Mr. Obama said. “I also reaffirmed the profound impact that his legacy has had in building a free South Africa.”
  3. The Centre of Memory will be the institution that seeks to keep Mr. Mandela’s legacy alive after he dies.
  4.  Well-wishers gathered outside that home Saturday, leaving flowers or inscriptions on small colored rocks.
  5. Mrs. Machel, making a rare public appearance was flanked by security guards.
  6. The decision not to bring the American president to Mr. Mandela’s bedside was made out of deference to Nelson Mandela’s peace and comfort.
  7. Mr. Obama said that he does not need a “photo-op” while he is in the country.
  8. Mr. Mandela has been ill since being admitted to the hospital three weeks ago for a chronic lung infection.
  9. Mr. Obama plans to salute Mr. Mandela’s life with a visit to Robben Island, the prison where the iconic South African leader spent 18 years in a tiny cell.
  10.  Mr. Zuma noted the symbolism  saying that Mr. Obama and Mr. Mandela are  the first black presidents of  their countries.

Reading Comprehension

True /False/NA-Statements

Directions: Review the statements with students before the watching the video.  As students listen to the video if  a statement is true they mark it T.  If the statement is  not applicable, they mark it NA. If the statement is false they  mark  it F and provide the correct answer.

  1. Nelson Mandela is the former president of South Africa.
  2. Mr. Obama, accompanied by the first lady Michelle, met for about 25 minutes with Mr. Mandela.
  3. Winnie Mandela is Mr. Mandela’s wife.
  4. The Centre of Memory hopes to keep Mr. Mandela’s legacy alive after he dies.
  5. A steady stream of mostly  African well-wishers gathered outside Mandela’s home Saturday.
  6. Mr. Mandela  spent 18  months in a tiny cell in Robben Island.
  7. Mr. Mandela will leave a fortune to South African charities.
  8. Mr. Obama said that his top priority for the African continent was to help the governments  to establish more stable and transparent democracies.
  9. Many Americans fear that an eruption of violence will occur after  Mandela’s death.
  10. Diana Anderson,is a  member of the African Party who arrived outside Mr. Mandela’s house.

Structure and Usage

Directions: The following groups of sentences are from the article. One of the sentences in each group contains a grammatical  error. Students are to identify the sentence (1, 2, or 3 ) from each group that contains the grammatical error.

 I. 

  1. In statement  Mr. Obama said he had also spoke by phone with Graça Machel.
  2. Mr. Mandela’s wife remained by his bedside.
  3.  Madiba draws peace and comfort from the time that he is spending with loved ones.

II.

  1.  The Centre of Memory will be the institution that seeks to keep Mr. Mandela’s legacy alive after he dies.
  2. One note, left under a tree  was addressed to “Madiba,” Mr. Mandela’s clan name.
  3. We drove across town without have to get permission.

III. 

  1. Mr. Mandela has been ill since being admitted to the hospital three weeks ago.
  2. His condition turned critical.
  3. The White House had originally hoped to spotlight the two man together.

 

III. Post Reading Tasks

Reading Comprehension Check

WH-How Questions 

Directions: Have students use the  WH-question format to discuss or to write the main points from the article.

Who or What is the article about?

Where does the action/event take place?

When does the action/event take place?

Why did the action/event occur?

How did the action/event occur?

Discussion/Writing Exercise

Directions: Place students in groups and have them answer the following questions. After, have the groups share their thoughts as a class. To reinforce the ideas, students can write an essay on one of the discussion topics.

  1. The article states that “ President Obama decided against a personal visit with Nelson Mandela.” Since this will probably be the last opportunity to see Mandela, do you think Obama should have tried to obtain a meeting with him? Provide reasons for your answers.
  2. Nelson Mandela is known (and loved) primarily for his fight against apartheid in South Africa, and for improving race relations and human rights for all people. Do you think the people of South Africa and in other parts of the world will try to maintain his legacy after his death? Provide reasons for your answer.
  3. According to the article President Obama stated, “…that he does not need “a photo-op” while he is in the country.” Rephrase this comment into your own words.
  4. Many South Africans fear an “erruption” of violence after Mandela’s death. Provide reasons why people might become violent.
  5. Explain what you think are the most important ideas in this article and why.
  6. Choose one of the following topics to research and present to the class.
  • Nelson Mandela
  • Apartheid
  • Winnie Mandela
  • Evelyn Ntoko Mase
  • Graça Machel Mandela
  • The African National Congress
  • pacifist movement
  • Robben Island

IV. Listening Activity

Video Clip: Nelson Mandela a Mini Biography

Introduction: A short documentary about Nelson Mandela and his legacy. Credit: Nelson Mandela Foundation.

While Listening Exercise

Sentence  Fill-ins -Multiple Choice  

Directions: Students listen for the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences taken from the video. They are to choose from the options presented.

1. Nelson Mandela was born___

a. July 18, 1918.
b. July 19, 1918.
c. July 16, 1918.

2. At the age of ___Mandela began his British education.

a. six
b. eight
c. seven

3. It was his ___who gave him the name Nelson.

  1. a. father
  2. b. mother
  3. c. teacher

4. It was in ___that Nelson was confronted with the reality of a racially divided South Africa.

  1. a. 1941
  2. b. 1942
  3. c. 1841

5. Nelson began meetings with of the___

  1. a. African Liberal Committee (ALC)
  2. b. African National Congress (ANC).
  3. c. African Literary Congress (ALC).

6. Mandela was___because he publicly spoke out against Apartheid.

  1. a. awarded
  2. b. arrested
  3. c. reprimanded

7. In the 1990s Mandela was released from prison at age___, and the ANC was declared a legal organization.

  1. a. 61
  2. b. 70
  3. c. 71

8. In 1993 the ___was awarded to Mandela for ending apartheid.

  1. a. The Golden Wreath
  2. b. Nobel Peace Prize
  3. c. The African Prize of Peace

9. Mandela was elected as the ___ of South Africa at the age of 75.

  1. a. president
  2. b. congressman
  3. c. senator

10. It was the first time that Africans had voted in more than___years.

  1. a. 400
  2. b. 200
  3. c. 300

Vodeo Link

Post-Listening Activities

Questions for Discussion

Directions:Place students in groups and have them discuss the following questions.

1. After listening to this video has your personal idea of  Nelson Mandela changed in any way?  If yes, describe in what way.  If no, describe your original opinion.

2. Did  you learn new information about Mandela?  Discuss what you’ve learned.

3.  With your group members, make up questions that you would like to ask Mr. Mandela if you had the opportunity. Share your responses with the class.

 

ANSWER KEY: Nelson Mandela

 

Category: History | Tags: ,