One Family: Three Generations of Fading Loyalty to Castro’s Revolution

“When Fidel Castro rode victoriously into Havana on Jan. 8, 1959, Juan Montes Torre rushed into the streets to cheer. A poor, uneducated laborer from the eastern countryside of Cuba, he had arrived in the capital a few years earlier and, like most of his neighbors, could hardly believe what was happening…  ‘ These bearded men, poorly dressed — they won! And on behalf of the lower classes!’ ” D. Cave, The New York Times

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post with Answer Key

fidel-castro-mats-terminal-washington-1959

fidel-castro-mats-terminal-washington-1959

Excerpt: One Family. Six Decades. Myriad Views of Fidel Castro’s Revolution. By Damien Cave, The New York Times

“Mr. Montes, who was 25 at the time, stayed loyal to Mr. Castro, who died on Friday, from that moment. The Castro revolution gave him an education, a home, and a job as a police officer who sometimes guarded the comandante himself. But that allegiance slipped from generation to generation in Mr. Montes’s family, and in Cuba as a whole. His son’s views darkened decades ago, during tussles with the Castro government’s restrictions. His teenage granddaughter, Rocio, has spent most of her youth feeling glum about the conditions in her country.

The Father: Mr. Montes first heard of the barbudos, or bearded rebels, when he was picking coffee and fruit in the fields in Cuba’s eastern province of Guantánamo. It was the early 1950s, and poor farmers in the area had started banding together, revolting against wealthy landowners.  Mr. Castro was among many leaders said to be demanding better working conditions…There was a lot of injustice back then, Mr. Montes said. Coups, crime. The government didn’t care at all for the people… After taking power in 1959, Mr. Castro promised radical change. In December that year, Mr. Montes was hired as a police officer. It was his first steady job since his arrival in Havana and came with free schooling, leading him from a fourth-grade education to a high school diploma.

an-old-couple-mourns-the-death-of-castro

an-old-couple-mourns-the-death-of-castro

The Son: The entrance to Juan Carlos’s home is covered in green vines with bunches of bitter grapes…If his father’s image of Mr. Castro and the revolution was shaped by the changes of the 1950s or ’60s, his views have been sculpted by the transition from the flush 1980s to the scavenging ’90s. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Cuba lost a patron that had provided around $4 billion a year in credits and subsidies… In his 20s, he worked at Cuba’s customs agency, as his father had after his tenure on the police force. He said his frustration peaked in the late 1980s when he was rebuffed by Communist Party officials for gathering recommendations from colleagues for improving the agency.They they just told me: ‘That’s not right. Here are the things we are going to talk about, and you, don’t stand up and talk.’

The Granddaughter: Rocio dreams of becoming an art historian…In her eyes, Cuba is purgatory, and even before he died, Mr. Castro was a specter of the past, studied in textbooks more than seen… Her older sister already lives in Spain. Her best friend went to Miami for a vacation one summer and stayed, telling Rocio about the crowded shopping malls and the impressive facilities at her new school. 

Young people in miamis-little-havana-celebrate-castros-death

Young people in miamis-little-havana-celebrate-castros-death

Most of Rocio’s friends, she said, hope to get out of Cuba as soon as they can. Rocio mostly wants Cuba to catch up. Why is there no open and affordable access to the internet? Why can’t she easily get on Facebook to say hi to her sister in Barcelona?… She wants the same thing her grandfather and Fidel Castro wanted when they were young, radical change and a fair shot at making a life for herself on her terms.”

Castros-funeral

Castros-funeral

“In life, he was often an enigma; in death, for Cuban families like the Monteses, he is a collage of competing images, from the inspiring young rebel to the out-of-touch old man.”

Fidel Castro-1926-2016

Fidel Castro-1926-2016

“A revolution is a struggle to the death between the future and the past.” Fidel Castro

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post

NOTE: Lessons can also be used with native English speakers.

Level: Intermediate – Advanced


Language Skills: Reading, writing, and speaking. Vocabulary and grammar activities are included.


Time: Approximately 2 hours.


Materials: Student handout (from this lesson) and access to news article.


Objective: Students will read and discuss the article
with a focus on improving reading comprehension and learning new vocabulary. At the end of the lesson students will express their personal views on the topic through group work and writing.

I. Pre-Reading Activities

Stimulating background knowledge: Brainstorming

Directions: Place students in groups, ask students to think about what they already know about Fidel Castro. Next, have students look at the picture(s) in the text and generate ideas or words that may be connected to the article. As a class list these ideas on the board. Students can use a brainstorming chart for assistance.

Great Brainstorming chart from Kootation.com

Great Brainstorming chart from Kootation.com

 

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

Directions: Students are to infer the meanings of the words in bold taken from the article. They may use a dictionary, thesaurus, and Word Chart for assistance.

  1. In life, Castro was often an enigma.
  2. In 1953, Mr. Castro staged his first major attack.
  3. The Cuban police didn’t abuse anyone.
  4. There was a flurry of activity after Castro’s death.
  5. Castro feared Cuba would turn into an American fief.
  6. Many people were critical of  Castro’s authoritarian ways.
  7. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Cuba lost a patron.
  8. Cuba would need to make some exceptions to the norm.
  9. Eventually Cuba Cuba adopted capitalism.
  10. Cuba suffered chronic shortages of fuel, soap, and food.

 

Reading Comprehension

True /False/NA-Statements

Directions: Review the following statements from the reading.  If  a statement is true they mark it T. If the statement is  not applicable, they mark it NA. If the statement is false they  mark  it F and provide the correct answer. 

  1. According to the article, Mr. Montes, (the father) remained  loyal to Mr. Castro.
  2. His son also remained loyal to Castro.
  3. His teenage granddaughter, Rocio, has spent most of her youth feeling glum about the conditions in her country.
  4. The Montes family’s story of faith and disillusion is uncommon.
  5. Cuban families have been arguing about Mr. Castro since he came to power.
  6. Fidel Castro had 5 children.
  7. Castro’s death has again produced an intense clash of emotions for many Cubans.
  8. His relationship to the country was remarkably distant.
  9. Castro was one of the few world leaders referred to by just their first names.
  10. It was the early 1970s, when  poor farmers began revolting against wealthy landowners.

 

 Grammar Focus: Prepositions

Directions: The following sentences are from the news article.  For each sentence choose the correct preposition from the choices listed. Note that not all prepositions listed are in the article.

Prepositions:  in, for, of, with, by,  on, at, to, as, into, across, around, over,  through, from, during, up, off, before,

  1. But that allegiance slipped from generation___generation ___Mr. Montes’s family. 
  2. You have ___look___this ___a very cool way.
  3. Because he ruled___ decades, Mr. Castro’s impact — and the perception___it — changed___time.
  4. Cubans born___the revolution saw him___a transformative force___ good or ill.

III. Post Reading Activities

WH-How Questions

Directions: Have students use the  WH-question format to discuss or to write the main points from the article.

Who or What is the article about?

Where does the action/event take place?

When does the action/event take place?

Why did the action/event occur?

How did the action/event occur?

Discussion/Writing

Directions: Place students in groups Have each group list 3  questions they would like to ask any person mentioned in the article. Groups share questions as a class.

1-Minute Free Writing Exercise

Directions: Allow students 1 minute to write down one new idea they’ve learned from the reading. Ask them to write down one thing they did not understand in the reading.  Review the responses as a class. Note: For the lower levels allow more time for this writing activity.

ANSWER KEY

Category: People, Political Issues | Tags:

A look at Some ‘Fantastic Beasts’

“Anticipation for ‘Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them’ has been so high that fans began dressing up as its main character, Newt Scamander, based solely on the trailer. That surprised its star, Eddie Redmayne, when he attended Comic-Con International in July and looked out into the audience only to see several Newts staring back at him.” M. Murphy, New York Times

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post with Answer Key

newts-thunderbird-frank-his-wings-are-powerful-enough-to-create-storms-when-in-full-flight-photo-sun-co-uk

newts-thunderbird-frank-his-wings-are-powerful-enough-to-create-storms-when-in-full-flight-photo-sun-co-uk

 

Excerpt:Eddie Redmayne’s Guide to ‘Fantastic Beasts’ By Mekado Murphy

 “Ms. Rowling’s story follows a self-proclaimed magizoologist who was expelled from Hogwarts but eventually wrote one of the school’s most important textbooks. He has been traveling the world collecting, studying and building relationships with all kinds of magical beasts, toting them in a suitcase as part of his mission to educate wizards about why beasts are so important to them. But when some creatures escape and take to the streets of 1926 New York, the mishap could expose the wizarding world and lead to war.

While the beasts are at the heart of the film’s title, humans are at the heart of its story, said David Heyman,  a producer on the Harry Potter movies: The ‘Potter films and this film all emanate from a place of character. Newt is an outsider, a bit like all of [J. K.’s] characters. That’s why he feels best able to connect with the beasts, though eventually he connects with people as well.the-bowtruckle-credit-warner-bros

The Bowtruckle

While Newt knows he shouldn’t have favorites among the beasts, there is one he’s quite fond of; the skinny, plantlike Bowtruckle, which is difficult to spot thanks to its ability to blend into foliage. They eat only insects and are loyal to their handlers…There’s a specific Bowtruckle called Pickett who Newt loves. Pickett has attachment issues, and Newt lets him swing along in his top pocket.

the-swooping-evil-credit-warner-bros

The Swooping Evil

Butterfly meets pterodactyl in this colorful winged beast with the ability to suck out brains. He’s like this spiky ball with a thread that hangs down from Newt’s finger. When you spin him out, almost like a yo-yo, he unfurls into this terrifying creature.

the-demiguise-credit-warner-bros

The Demiguise

This beast has large eyes like an owl but otherwise moves like and resembles a primate, hairy and agile. It has this capacity to go from being visible to invisible, so their pelts can be used to make invisibility cloaks… That’s why the Demiguise is often hunted and remains very rare.

the-niffler-credit-warner-bros

The Niffler

The Niffler is a small furry creature with a platypus-like snout and an appetite for shiny things.

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post

NOTE: Lessons can also be used with native English speakers.

Level: Intermediate – Advanced


Language Skills: Reading, writing, and speaking. Vocabulary and grammar activities are included.


Time: Approximately 2 hours.


Materials: Student handout (from this lesson) and access to news article.


Objective: Students will read and discuss the article
with a focus on improving reading comprehension and learning new vocabulary. At the end of the lesson students will express their personal views on the topic through group work and writing.

I. Pre-Reading Activities

 Predictions: Using a Pre-reading Organizer

Directions:  Ask students to examine the title of the post and of the actual article they are about to read. Then, have them  examine the photos. Ask students to write a paragraph describing what they think this article will discuss. Students can use a Pre-reading organizer for assistance.

Pre-reading chart by J. Swann

Pre-reading chart by J. Swann

 

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

Directions: Students are to infer the meanings of the words in bold taken from the article. They may use a dictionary, thesaurus, and Word Chart for assistance.

  1. This is  her debut as a screenwriter.
  2. He found that weirdly shocking.
  3. Newt is seen toting them in a suitcase.
  4. The mishap could expose the wizarding world and lead to war.
  5. He feels best able to connect with the beasts.
  6. The ‘Potter’ films and this film all emanate from a place of character.
  7. He spent time observing animal handlers in the zoo.
  8. He incorporated his research into his character.
  9. A baby anteater proved inspiring.
  10. Newt is quite fond of the Bowtruckle.

vocab Freeology

Reading Comprehension

Fill-ins

Directions: Place students in groups and after they have read the entire article, have them complete the following paragraphs taken from the article. They can use the words and terms from the list provided, or provide their own terms. They are to find the meanings of any new vocabulary.

While the ___are at the ___of the film’s title,___ are at the heart of its story, said David Heyman, a___ on the Harry Potter movies: The ‘Potter’ films and this film all emanate from a place of character. Newt is an ___ a bit like all of [J. K.’s] characters. That’s why he feels best able to connect with the___ though eventually he___ with people as well.  To learn how to___ with them, Mr. Redmayne  spent time at ___parks observing animal handlers. He ___his research into his character, and into the movie.

WORD LIST:  connects, producer,  wildlife, humans, outsider, work, incorporated, beasts,  heart   beasts,

 Grammar Focus

Grammar: Identifying Articles

Directions: Have students choose the correct articles from those provided to fill in the blanks.  THE/A/AN

___beasts are at___ heart of___ film.

Newt is___ outsider.

This is her debut as___screenwriter.

He has been traveling___world.

He was___producer on___“Harry Potter” movies.

The animals travel in___suitcase.

There’s___specific Bowtruckle called Pickett.

III. Post Reading Activities

Discussion

Directions: Place students in groups Have each group list 3  questions they would like to ask any person mentioned in the article. Groups share questions as a class.

1-Minute Free Writing Exercise

Directions: Allow students 1 minute to write down one new idea they’ve learned from the reading. Ask them to write down one thing they did not understand in the reading.  Review the responses as a class. Note: For the lower levels allow more time for this writing activity.

ANSWER KEY

Category: Film | Tags:

The President Needs to be Ready…Science is Changing Fast

“What science-related issues will the next president face? Climate change is sure to loom large, as will the annual debates over how much the government should spend on basic research and which fields are likely to provide the biggest short-term economic payoff. Technological advances, from self-driving cars to genome engineering, will pose new regulatory challenges. And surprises such as disease outbreaks, oil spills, and natural disasters are all but certain.”  D. Malakoff and J. Mervis, Science Magazine

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post with Answer Key

presidential-seal-by-enchanted-learning

Excerpt: Science lessons for the next president By David Malakoff and Jeffrey Mervis,  Science Magazine

“In each case, a little science savvy might help a president better understand the issues and how best to respond. With that in mind, we offer the winner a crash course in areas of science that are likely to demand attention in the Oval Office over the next 4 or 8 years.

Pathogens change faster than our defenses. The viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites that cause disease in people, farm animals, wildlife, trees, and crops are in an arms race with their hosts… Evolving pathogens can threaten our food and water supplies, natural resources, and health.

filamentous-ebola-virus-particles-budding-from-a-chronically-infected-vero-e6-cell-image-science-magazine

filamentous-ebola-virus-particles-budding-from-a-chronically-infected-vero-e6-cell-image-science-magazine

Seas are rising sooner than you think. Regional variation means Atlantic shorelines are already at risk of flooding. Nearly 40% of the U.S. population lives near the coast, and shorelines host extensive infrastructure— Already, shorefront communities in hot spots of sea level rise, such as Hampton Roads, Virginia, and Miami Beach, Florida, are seeing tidal floods—even on sunny days—that clog traffic, poison lawns, and corrode utilities.image-investmentu

Machines are getting much, much smarter. Advances in artificial intelligence carry promise and peril. After years of halting progress, artificial intelligence (AI)—which aims to give machines a humanlike ability to gather information, learn, and make independent decisions—is taking off… Products and services from self-driving cars to systems that guide medical care and treatment could bring major benefits, including increased labor productivity, lucrative new markets, and fewer deaths from traffic accidents and medical mistakes. But AI brings worries, too. It will enable employers to automate more tasks and displace workers, and economists predict that some low-wage jobs will be among the first to be eliminated, possibly increasing economic inequality.elon-musk

We aren’t so great at assessing riskGut instinct can lead to poor policy. When experts calculate risk, they rely on statistics, but ordinary people tend to rely on their guts. Both approaches have their pitfalls, says Paul Slovic, a pioneer in the psychological study of risk at the University of Oregon in Eugene. There is wisdom and foolishness on both sides of the divide, he says.  One downside of gut assessments is obvious: They lead us to overestimate the chances of horrible things happening and underestimate more familiar risks. For example, since the attacks of 9/11, terrorists have killed at most a few hundred Americans. Over the same period, car accidents have killed more than 500,000 and heart disease roughly 8 million—perils we tend to take in stride.image-world-economic-forum

The  president will face a lengthy list of policy decisions surrounding known risks, including terrorist attacks, foreign conflicts, domestic crime and violence, flu pandemics, and natural disasters. But there will be emerging issues, too, including the potential risks of new technologies such as DNA editing and autonomous cars. With each, the challenge will be correctly assessing the risk, communicating it to the public, and developing sensible policies that can win support from voters, affected industries, and local, federal, and state policymakers.”

untitled

Greetings poster by Askideas.com

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post

I. Pre-Reading Activities

 Predictions: Analyzing headings and photos

Directions:  Have students  examine the titles of the post and of the actual article. After they examine the photos, ask students to create a list of  words and  ideas  that they think might be related to this article. 

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

Directions: Students are to infer the meanings of the words in bold taken from the article. They may use a dictionary, thesaurus, and Word Chart for assistance.

  1. New presidents typically move into the White House.
  2. Some say they would cut taxes, promote education, and boost the economy.
  3. They do not intend to spend much time on arcane technical issues.
  4. Two science-focused events bracketed the 9/11 attacks
  5. Scientists derided President Ronald Reagan’s attempt to build a space-based laser system.
  6. The year 1976 had what the media dubbed the swine flu fiasco.
  7. In each case, a little science savvy might help a president.
  8. Pathogens change faster than our defenses.
  9. This poses the threat of a global pandemic that could kill millions.
  10. uses of certain  gene-editing technology could also raise ethical concerns.

Reading Comprehension

Fill-ins

Directions: Place students in groups and after they have read the entire article, have them complete the following paragraphs taken from the article. They can use the words and terms from the list provided, or provide their own terms. They are to find the meanings of any new vocabulary.

A month earlier,___ wrestled with whether to___ federal funding for ___involving stem cells taken from___embryos. And just a week after the attacks, someone___anthrax-filled letters to media outlets and___, killing five people and ___the White House to launch a ___effort to improve bioterror defenses.

WORD LIST: human, prompting, massive, Bush, mailed, politicians, allow, research,

Grammar Focus

Word -Recognition

Directions: Students choose the correct word to complete the sentences taken from the article. They are to choose from the options presented.

Other brain/bran health issues abroad/abound. Learning disabilities are a big/bag issue in classrooms; mental/metal illness is common in the homeless, in addicts/addictions, and in prison/prism  inmates; and concussions/conclusions have become a major concern in sports. The military farces/faces the burden of treating traumatic brain/bane injuries and the psychological aftereffects of combat. Effective/effects diagnostics and treatments could make a huge difference.

III. Post Reading Activities

WH-How Questions

Directions: Have students use the  WH-question format to discuss or to write the main points from the article.

Who or What is the article about?

Where does the action/event take place?

When does the action/event take place?

Why did the action/event occur?

How did the action/event occur?

Discussion/Writing

Ask/Answer  Questions

Directions:  Place students in groups and have each group list 3  questions they would like to pursue in relation to  the article. Have groups exchange questions. Each group tries to answer the questions listed. All responses are shared as a class.

1-Minute Free Writing Exercise

Directions: Allow students 1 minute to write down one new idea they’ve learned from the reading or  one thing they did not understand in the reading.  Review the responses as a class. Note: For the lower levels allow more time for this writing activity.

ANSWER KEY

Category: Science

The Time Has Come To Eliminate The Electoral College!

“In her concession speech on Wednesday, Mrs. Clinton did not mention the popular vote, an omission that seemed to signal her desire to encourage a smooth and civil transition of power… But her running mate, Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia, wasted little time highlighting her higher vote total than the president-elect in introducing her. And the disparity left a bitter taste in the mouths of many Democrats, whose party won the country’s national popular vote for the third consecutive election but no longer controls any branch of government… The Electoral College is a relic that violates the democratic principle of one person, one vote, and distorts the presidential campaign.” J. Mahler and S. Eder, The New York Times

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post with Answer Key

After-a-beautiful-concession-speech-clinton-feels-the-love-of-her-supporters.

After-a-beautiful-concession-speech-clinton-feels-the-love-of-her-supporters.

Excerpt: The Electoral College Is Hated by Many. So Why Does It Endure? By Jonathan Mahler and Steve Eder The New York Times

“None of Mrs. Clinton’s supporters have gone so far as to suggest that the popular vote tally should delegitimize  Trump’s victory, and the popular vote margin in Tuesday’s election was in fact narrower than the one that separated Mr. Bush and Mr. Gore in 2000.

But the results are already renewing calls for electoral reform. I personally would like to see the Electoral College eliminated entirely, said David Boies, who represented Mr. Gore in the Florida recount in 2000. I think it’s a historical anomaly.

Some states have discussed a possibility that would not necessarily require amending the Constitution: jettisoning the winner-takes-all system, in which a single candidate is awarded all of a state’s electoral votes — regardless of the popular vote — and instead apportioning them to reflect the breakdown of each state’s popular vote. Two states, Maine and Nebraska, already do this. But even that approach could face challenges, said Laurence H. Tribe, a professor at Harvard Law School.map-for-electoral-votes-in-each-state

For reformers, the best hope may lie in the so-called National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, an agreement among states to award all of their respective electoral votes to the candidate who wins the popular vote in a given election. So far, 10 states and the District of Columbia have joined the agreement. But it will only go into effect when enough states have signed on to guarantee that the winner of the popular vote will win the election.”

The National Popular Vote bill would guarantee the Presidency to the candidate who receives the most popular votes nationwide (i.e., all 50 states and the District of Columbia).  It has been enacted into law in 11 states with 165 electoral votes, and will take effect when enacted by states with 105 more electoral votes. The bill has passed one chamber in 12 additional states with 96 electoral votes.”

Learn More About the Current Movement for The Popular Vote Interstate Compact 

the-national-popular-vote-heading

 

Additional Lesson plans:

Does my vote count? Understanding the electoral college  by David Walbert

“No, the electoral college is not the worst team in the ACC. It’s the group of people who actually elect the president of the United States. How the electoral college works is one of the more complicated parts of the American electoral process — or can be, at least, when things don’t go smoothly. This guide will explain how the electoral college works; discuss the origins and development of the electoral college as some controversial elections; and examine how much your vote actually “weighs” in an election”.-David Walbert-

Congress for Kids

“Did you know that voters in the United States don’t vote for the president? People actually vote for a group of electors when they go to the polls on Election Day. These electors have pledged to support a party’s nominee for president. In many states the ballot lists only the names of the nominees and not the names of the electors, so many people believe they are voting for the president.”

ESL Voices Lesson Plan for this post

NOTE: Lessons can also be used with native English speakers.

Level: Intermediate – Advanced


Language Skills: Reading, writing, and speaking. Vocabulary and grammar activities are included.


Time: Approximately 2 hours.


Materials: Student handout (from this lesson) and access to news article.


Objective: Students will read and discuss the article
with a focus on improving reading comprehension and learning new vocabulary. At the end of the lesson students will express their personal views on the topic through group work and writing.

I. Pre-Reading Activities

KWL Chart

Directions: Have students use the KWL chart to list the information they already know about the Electoral College.  Later in the Post- Reading segment of the lesson, students can fill in what they’ve learned about the topic.Advanced K-W-L chart.Intervention for Reading copy

II. While Reading Activities

Word Inference

Directions: Students are to infer the meanings of the words in bold taken from the article. They may use a dictionary, thesaurus, and Word Chart for assistance.

  1. In  the  2000 presidential election the Florida recount gripped the nation.
  2. She was a newly elected Democratic senator from New York.
  3. She was unequivocal in her response.
  4. I believe strongly that in a democracy.
  5. Mr. Gore was defeated in the presidential  election.
  6. He made his concession speech in New York.
  7. People have been critical of the Electoral College in the past.
  8. The results are already renewing calls for electoral reform.
  9. There is an imbalance in the Electoral College that favors Republicans.
  10. Many feel that it is intolerable for democracy.
Vocabulary Cluster By Learnnc.org

Vocabulary Cluster By Learnnc.org

 

Reading Comprehension

Fill-ins

Directions: Place students in groups and after they have read the entire article, have them complete the following paragraphs taken from the article. They can use the words and terms from the list provided, or provide their own terms. They are to find the meanings of any new vocabulary.

In November 2000, as the ___recount___ the nation, a newly ___Democratic senator from ___took a ___from an upstate___ tour to address the___that ___could wind up winning the ___but losing the presidential election.

WORD LIST: Al Gore, Florida, possibility, elected, gripped,  New York, break, victory, popular vote,

 Grammar Focus: Structure and Usage

Directions: The following groups of sentences are from the article. One of the sentences in each group contains a grammatical  error. Students are to identify the sentence (1, 2, or 3 ) from each group that contains the grammatical error.

I

  1. Sixteen year later, the Electoral College is still standing.
  2. But the results are already renewing calls for electoral reform.
  3. There were a variety of factors in the Electoral College.

II

  1. Some historians point to a  critical role in the EC.
  2. Defenders of the system  claim it reduces cheating.
  3. The EC will forever tip the balance to rural voters.

 

III

  1. Many people can’t think of any justification for it.
  2. It would requires a constitutional amendment to change.
  3. For reformers the best hope lies in the National Popular Vote.

III. Post Reading Activities

WH-How Questions

Directions: Have students use the  WH-question format to discuss or to write the main points from the article.

Who or What is the article about?

Where does the action/event take place?

When does the action/event take place?

Why did the action/event occur?

How did the action/event occur?

Ask/Answer  Questions

  1. Place students in groups and have each group list 3  questions they would like to pursue in relation to  the article. Have groups exchange questions. Each group tries to answer the questions listed. All responses are shared as a class.
  2. Have each group write a paragraph explaining why or why not the Electoral College  is a good idea. Students can get information from the web. All responses are shared as a class.

3-2-1-Writing

Directions: Allow students 5 minutes to write down three new ideas they’ve learned about the topic from the reading,  two things they did not understand in the reading, and one thing they would like to know that the article did not mention. Review the responses as a class.

ANSWER KEY

Remembering Our Veterans

“On the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, was declared between the Allied nations and Germany in the First World War, then known as “the Great War.” Commemorated as Armistice Day beginning the following year, November 11th became a legal federal holiday in the United States in 1938. In the aftermath of World War II and the Korean War, Armistice Day became Veterans Day, a holiday dedicated to American veterans of all wars.”president-obama-lays-a-wreath-at-the-tomb-of-the-unknowns-on-veterans-day

Excerpts:

THE GREAT WAR & ARMISTICE DAY

“Though the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, November 11 remained in the public imagination as the date that marked the end of the Great War. In November 1919, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day. The day’s observation included parades and public gatherings, as well as a brief pause in business activities at 11 a.m. On November 11, 1921, an unidentified American soldier killed in the war was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Washington, D.C.; the U.S. Congress had declared the day a legal federal holiday in honor of all those who participated in the war. On the same day the previous year, unidentified soldiers were laid to rest at Westminster Abbey in London and at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.vet-day

FROM ARMISTICE DAY TO VETERANS DAY

American effort during World War II (1941-1945) saw the greatest mobilization of the U.S. Army, Navy, Marines and Air Force in the nation’s history (more than 16 million people); some 5.7 million more served in the Korean War (1950 to 1953). In 1954, after lobbying efforts by veterans’ service organizations, the 83rd U.S. Congress amended the 1938 act that had made Armistice Day a holiday, striking the word “Armistice” in favor of “Veterans.” President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the legislation on June 1, 1954. From then on, November 11 became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.”vets-2016

Category: Holidays